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Classical Studies 2200 Final: Classics 2200 entire year exam summary

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 2200
Aara Suksi
Study Guide

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Classical Mythology 2200
Midterm 1
September 8
Gilgamesh - 4th Century BC
- Samarian hero, from Mesopotamia area
- hero who is a King in Mesopotamia
- tamer of culture/wild things stands on two lions holding two lion type creatures /w wings
Heracles 510 BC
- Heracles can be recognized by his outfit which he wears which is a lion skin
- which recognizes him as a tamer of culture
- on the vase he is shown holding a deer, which he was commanded to bring
- the other woman in the picture is Athena, who is a helper of heroes who tame nature
- Athena is shown with a shield at her feet, and is covered in snakes
- a force of nature himself
- superior force when he goes in battle by the act of revenge
Achilles 5th Century BC
- Achilles is shown as a black man, and a woman is shown as white (usual colour for women)
- shown as a man hanging underneath the ram
- escapes from the cave of Cyclops by holding onto the ram and riding it
- tamer of wild things, but not by force, but using his intelligence
Penelope 430 BC
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- the picture shows that she is modest, since she is wearing a robe
- in the picture she is weaving, making a textile
- she is also talking to her son
- is shown as a woman wrapped in bandages and being carried by men
- she is a sacrificial maiden, which represents tragedy
- is a woman riding in a chariot, pulled by dragons
- there are dead bodies in a picture
- this shows the dark side of a woman
- she is also a producer of children
Oedipus 450-440 BC
- killed father and married mother
- he killed a monster (Sphinx) that was killing the whole town, by solving a riddle and if anyone
got it wrong the Sphinx ate them, which means he represents intellectual pride
Aeneas 470-460 BC
- represents the duty that one owes to his parents
Orpheus Corot, 1861
- holds an instrument which shows how he used the power of literature to bring back his wife
from the underworld
September 10
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Myth traditional narrative that is handed down through time and a geographical region, a story
with a certain amount of plot, orally transmitted, original author unknown, a myth is flexible, it’s
not just one story that’s correct, there can be several myths that are different
A way to understand the unknown, the inexplicable, the mysterious
Reinforces and reflects cultural values, desires and fears
Types of Myth
Divine Myth e.g. Birth of Athena
- Stories where the main characters are gods/divine beings
- Athene is born out of the head of Zeus
- Athene already had a shield and spear when she was born
- Axe of Hephaestus, god of fire and metalcraft, who splits Zeus’ head open to help Athena be
- Divine myths have to do with natural phenomenon, e.g. lightning, rain, hurricanes
- Majority of the characters are gods
Legend e.g. Trojan War
- is a saga
- the cause of the Trojan is because of Helen who leaves her husband
- Helen is running to an altar, that way Menelaus would be constrict since it is a sin to kill
someone on an altar
- human beings are the main characters in a legend
- they are usually highborn, they have royal blood in them
- tell things that happened in the lost past, corresponds to history
Folktale Odysseus blinding Cyclops
- a human holding a pole and driving it into the eye of the Cyclops
- characters are human beings who usually are not aristocratic/highborn
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