The Odyssey of Homer Analysis Chart:
1 Begins 10 years after the Trojan war
Odysseus is trapped with Calypso who loves him
Telemachus is helpless to stop suitors of Penelope
Athena speaks with Telemachus in the form of Odysseus’s old friend
Telemachus warns off the suitors while some are defiant
2 At the assembly it is noted that Telemachus is stepping into his fathers
Telemachus gives a speech about the loss of his father and his fathers
home (to suitors, sons of Ithaca’s elders)
Antonius blames Penelope for leading them all on, he declares if she
cant make a decision, he will choose
Telemachus calls upon the gods to punish the suitors and eagles locked
in combat overhead. (Symbol of Odysseus’s return)
Athena visits Telemachus again, but disguised as another old friend,
mentor. She encourages his journey to Pylos and Sparta
Athena as Telemachus collects men for his crew, and he leaves saying
he has god at his side
1-2 Coming of age: Telemachus growing up in a house usurped by
Analysis suitors. He has to become the master of his house by embarking
on a metaphorical journey into manhood to preserve his fathers
Starts out in the middle of things (media res) –infusing the
foreground with a sense of urgency
3 At Pylos, Telemachus and Mentor (Athena) see a a sacrifice to Poseidon.
After Athena’s encouragement, Telemachus speaks with Nestor about
his father, and he recount the falling out of Agamemnon and Menelaus.
Nestor went with Menelaus and Odysseus went with Agamemnon.
He found out that Agamemnon was killed by a lover of his wive, after
Orestes returned and killed Agisthus and Clytemnestra to protect
Nestor sends his son with Telemachus to Sparta. (Pisistratus)
Athena sheds Mentors form and turns into an eagle to protect
Telemachus’ ship and crew.
4 Sparta’s King and Queen, Menelaus and Helen who were celebrating the
separate marriages of the son and daughter greeted Pisistratus and
The King and Queen told of Odysseus’s cunning tactics at troy (Trojan
horse, Imitating a beggar)
Menelaus tells of his own return, stranded in Egypt forced to capture Proteus (the divine old sea man) who told him how to return to sparta
and the fates of Agamemnon and Ajax.
He told Telemachus that Odysseus has being held by Calypso on her
Telemachus and Pisistratus returned to Pylos to set sail for Ithica
The suitors learn of Telemachus’s voyage and plane to ambush him.
Athena reassures Penelope that she will protect him
3-4 Voyage/Odyssey: As Telemachus ventures on his own journey, the
Analysis tales of other characters recounted on their own previous post