Study Guides (248,497)
Canada (121,594)
Midterm

Textbook Notes Midterm 1.docx

7 Pages
139 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classical Studies
Course
Classical Studies 2300
Professor
David Lamari
Semester
Fall

Description
CLASSICS TEXTBOOK NOTES Foot races  Stadion—200 meter sprint o Only Olympic event from 776 until 724 o Victor gave his name to the entire four-year Olympiad o Runners are depicted with their arms extended, and knees high  Diaulos—double stadion – 400 meter sprint o Began in 724 o Runners are depicted similarly to the stadion runners, but knees are lower  Dolichos – distance of this race isn’t known o Began in 720 o May have been 20 laps of the stadium o Runners knees are low and barely bent with the arms close to the sides  Hippios o Began in 520 o Similar to the diaulos o Only at the Nemea games o Competitors carried shields and wore helmets  Track was usually about 30 meters wide and 600 ancient feet in length o Olympia had the longest track o Delphi had the shortest track  Balbis o Stone line at the end of the track o The runner would put his left foot in front, leaning forward with outstretched arms o Four point stance (modern day stance), was not allowed  Poda para poda (foot by foot)—equivalent to on your mark, get set, go!  Only one runner per lane o Thought to be as many as 22 lanes  Hypslex o First seen in Isthmia o The whole system served as individual hinged gates—barriers for the runners o Controlled by a cord that released the barrier o Runners in the inner lanes had a distinct advantage because the barriers on the outer lanes were less responsive o Possibility that a lanes cord could get caught – delaying the runners start o This contraption failed, and was not used  Hypslex II o Seen at all four Olympic games o 2 cords were attached to a post (one at knee level, one at waist level) o The ropes are all released in one single action  Hypslex III o Monumental architectural frames divide the lanes o Intricate pulleys, cords and mental springs, release the barriers  The evolution of the hypslex was to remove all possibility of influencing the outcome of the races  Balbis’ were at the beginning and end (terma) of the race to clearly determine who the winner was (whoever passed the terma first) o All races had 2 balbis’ except the diaulos whose beginning and ending was at the same balbis Wrestling  Wrestling was the next event added to the Olympics in 708 B.C o Also known as pale  Pinning people down in wrestling did not exist  Starting stance was called systasis  Meson echein was a hold that meant to grab the waist  Trachelizein was a neck hold  Hedran strephein was a hold which meant “to turn rear”—throw him over his hip o Another variation of this was the flying mare (ancient name unknown)  Competitors in wrestling were divided into pairs by drawing lots o Each lot was marked with a letter o Athletes that pulled out the same letter were against each other o If there was an odd number of athletes then whoever drew the odd letter would not compete in the first round  This was called ephedros – “on the seat”  The wrestler who threw his opponent three times without first suffering three falls himself was the winner Boxing  Also known as pyx  Introduced in 688, 20 years after wrestling  No helmets were worn, only a shield was used  Philstratos thought that the Spartans invented boxing  Blood was depicted in vase drawing  Himantes were leather strips wrapped around the hands o About 4 meters long o Made out of oxhide that ad been tanned and softened o Fingers were left free and himantes was wrapped around the knuckles and wrist  In 336, the soft hamas were replaced with hard hamas o Fleece-lined leather covered most of the forearm, wrist, and hand up to and including the knuckles  Blows to the head were the essential tactic of the boxer  Korykos were punching bags  Boxing matches took place in a skamma like wrestling  Pairs also determined by lots  Breaks could be taken by mutual agreements but there was no rounds or time limits  Victory was decided when one of the boxers could not continue The Pankration  Most violent competition  Began in 648  Combination of wrestling and boxing  Only rule is you cannot bite or gouge  Winner was determined by the inability of one of the competitors to continue The Pentathlon  Athletes had to be good in more than one sport  Name suggests there was 5 prizes, but today we see 5 competitions, with 1 athlete winning o Stadion race, diskos throw, halma, akon, pale (in that order) o Winner of any three competitions was the overall winner of the pentathlon o However, when there was no definite winner we are not sure how they determined a winner. Some possibilities are:  Point systems  Elimination tournaments  Diskos throw o Hard to tell if the diskoi was standardized o The most common material was bronze, 21 cm in diameter and weighed 2 kg o Starting position—weight on his right leg, holding the diskos at head level in a vertical position; the left hand supports the weight of the diskos, while the right hand (throwing hand) grasps the top edge o Balbis acted as a foul line o Athlete who threw the farthest won o 3 throws were allowed in Olympia o Marked his throw with a semeion (peg)  Long jump (halma) o Used weights (halteres)  Spherical  Made of stone and carved to fit the hand  Grip for the fingers and a hole for the thumb  Long  Made of lead  These halteres did not have a standard weight o Jump itself was made from the bater (“that which is trod upon”) o Jumpers landed in a Skamma o Vases:  Athlete would lean back, bracing himself on his right leg (bent at the knee) and extending his left leg  Holding a halma in each hand and extending arms  Flute was played before the jump to establish the athletes rhythm  Athlete rocks back and forth to the music, and swing the halteres to pull him forward  Once in the air the athlete pulls his legs up into a tuck jump, stretch out his feet and hands in front of him, then swings the halteres to gain added thrust, then drops them as he lands o Longest jump won, but footprints had to be c
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 2300

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit