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Classical Studies 2800A/B Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: English Plurals, Onomatopoeia, Tigger


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 2800A/B
Professor
David Lamari
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Classical Studies 2800A/B
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lesson 2- Verbs
EXCERCISES FOR LESSON 1
A place for bodies: Corporarium
Characteristic of a bear: ursine
A quality characterized by acting like a citizen: civility
VERBS
Just as ous ad adjeties a sith oles, a etyologial e ay e used as a noun or an
adjective
o They confused me. (verb)
o The confused professor fainted. (adjective)
o The child was sleeping. (part of a verb phrase)
o The sleeping child woke up. (adjective)
o Sleeping is my favorite thing to do. (noun)
PRINCIPLE PARTS
The forms of a verb from which all other inflected forms can be derived
Verb stems are more common than adjective ones
Cedere, cessus ced-, cess- go, (went, gone)
o The ones in brackets are not shown in the textbook, but just know that the original verb can
take on different tenses
PRESENT PARTICIPLE
A special kind of adjective formed from a verb, one that acts like a verb, but is an adjective
The atie Eglish peset patiiple is foed y addig-ig to a e
o a talking dog
o a riding lawnmower
LATIN PRESENT PARTICIPLE SUFFIX: -NT (-ANT/-ENT)
Added to the first verb entry
o ced-, cess-: precedent
o curr-, curs-: current
Meaig: -ig
o ee though it ofte esults i a oete ou i Eglish soethig o soeoe ho
o Expectant (expecting), dormant (sleeping), current (running), president (presiding)
o The likig oel is isigifiat: dependent (adj) vs dependant (n. someone who is
dependent on someone)
LATIN ABSTR. NOUN-FORMING SUFFIX: -CE/-CY
Added to the suffix nt; turns present participle ito a astat ou At of; state of; uality
of
Patient + -ce = patience; current + -cy = currency
Ancience
Analysis of currency
o curr- < L. to run
o -en- < L. ing
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o -cy < L. Act of
o E.M.: Act of running
You have to break down a word into all its etyologial pats a’t just ite u + ey
PREFIXES
Usually have a spatial meaning
o re- ak edue
o se- aay fo sedue
Some prefixes also have an intensive meaning
o con- togethe, ith ut also thooughly, ey, opletely
o Conversation, concussion
You can use either definition on a test
ASSIMILATION (COARTICULATION) OF PREFIXES
One sound becomes more like a nearby sound
o Spaceship (spayship); jukebox (jutebox); handbag (hambag); berserk (beserk); surprise
(supprise)
o In Latin, prefixes can alter their final letter depending on the stem that follows
o Ad- + simil = as-simil-ate
o in-perfect > imperfect
o trans-dition > tradition
So if a prefix looks unfamiliar, and it ends in a consonant that is the same as the first letter of the
stem that follows, it very likely has been assimilated
VOWEL WEAKENING
A ste’s oel hages he othe pats ae added
o speedometer
o strong, strength; long, length; wide, width
o Tiger, Tigger
In Latinate words, vowel weakening occurs to a verb stem when a prefix is added
o apt; inept
o tangent; contingent
o to take: cap-, -cip-, capt-, -cept-
caption, deception
IN- (NOT) vs IN- (IN/INTO)
You must correctly identify all parts of a word when analyzing, so consult an etymological resource
if unsure
inflammable
In- (into) attached to verbs: induce
In- (not) attached to adjectives: inactive
IN- (NOT) vs UN- (NOT)
In- attached to Latin stems; Un- attached to English stems
Incredible
Unbelievable
But…
insane
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