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Western University
Computer Science
Computer Science 1033A/B
Laura Reid

CS 1033BFinal Exam NotesPage 1 Compsci 1033BFinal Exam Notes MULTIMEDIA AND COMMUNICATION715 seconds to make a good first impression 4 min for someone to decide to go beyond first impression MULTIMEDIA everything you can hear or see Media include texts books pictures music sounds CDs videos DVDs MP3 players iPods records films etcMUTLTIMEDIA technical Describes any application or technology that can be used to present Text images sound animation videoSoftware applicationsDelivery on the Internet Via WebsiteCombined into an application to inform educate entertainInternetfast cheap and accessible reaches people all over the world omillionAsia 389 Europe 313 North America 232o More users in Asia but greater percentage of population in North America 709 vs 124 Multimedia History 15001300BC prehistoric humans paint images on the walls of their caves Grotte de Lascaux France1914 silent movies incorporated multiple media be using film and text captions together1928 Walt Disney debuts the second short starring a mouse named Mickey and the first cartoon to use synchronized sound Steamboat Willie19281931 Movies with sound replace silent movies1930s Technicolor is introduced in film and most movies are filmed in colour after 19401937 Bell laboratories had a breakthrough in creating dual sound tracks on filmFantasia was the first commercial movie with a complete surround soundtrack in 19401969 NETWORK TECHNOLOGY INTRODUCEDARPANET o ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency Network 1969o First packet switching network and predecessor to the internet discussed in 1962 o Objective a network technology to allow researchers at various locations across the country to share informationo 4 locations in 1969UCLA Stanford UC Santa Barbara University of Utaho 1970East coast 1977 Apple starts to dominate PC market1981 IBM PC announced and captures market share in 18 months1991 WORLD WIDE WEB debuts Tim BernersLee1992 MS Windows 31 is releasedHTML debutsBasis for Website development 1993 MosaicFirst graphical browser web pages with images by Marc Andreesen Erin Brina and Tim Clark transformed internet from research to household1994 The Rolling Stones become the first major band to broadcast a live performance over the internet opening band on air firstSever Tire Damage1995 Disneys Toy Storyfirst feature length computer generated movie 77 minutes long 4 years to make 800000 machine hours to render1996 Affordable digital cameras widely available1998 GOOGLE search engine operates by Larry PageSergey Brin CS 1033BFinal Exam NotesPage 21999 Napster debuts allowing users to download and share MP3s2000s Integration of computer memory storage digital data camcorders MP3 players Ipods speakers telephones HD TV and other technologies Future multimedia will continue to grow into more than 1 100 billion industry with top three applications1Entertainment 15 billion2Publishing 7 billion3EducationTraining 7 billion o Eleaning iTV interactive TV o Web 20 sharing between userstrend in web design development can refer to second generation of webbased communities and hosted services social networking wikis blogs which aim to facilitate creativity collaboration and sharing between userso Laptops becoming smaller thinner more powerful o Legal issuescopyright rights management piracyproblematic since rapid technology changes o Better skillsstrong understanding of media and moving images as well as traditional IT and programming skillsMultimedia features 1 INTERACTIVITYo USER CONTROL over the applicationo Experience ACTIVE rather than passive as with televisiono Examples clicking on links on the internet online computerbased exam driving simulation 2 HYPERLINKINGo INDEX allows for jumping around sections o Vs Sequential start at beginning and move to the end books movies videosHTML has features that allows you to build hyperlinks to other webpages or location on the same page Computer Based Delivery o Computerbased multimedia applications INTEGRATE the various media components and ALLOW interactivityo Modes of delivery of the applications include video games interactive web applications CD ROM disks info kiosks Multimedia categories and applications o Educationoffering instruction CDRoms for preschoolers bio in virtual labs o Entertainmentlargest category games CDsweb proprietary systems Xbox MP3 playersipods o ReferenceEncarta and interactive world atlas interactive multimedia including sound video and 3D animation to provide information and illustrate concepts o Businessbusinesses delivering marketing applications and employee training on CDs and Internet job openings product lines servicesHow should you deliver the applicationWWW vs CDDVDCDDVD World Wide Web Access Time View instantly by inserting into drive May encounter slow connection speedsAbility to change Cannot change contentmust Easy to update material new updates can content recreate and redistribute be accessed instantlyCS 1033BFinal Exam NotesPage 3Required equipment o Development systems systems used by multimedia developers to create applications o User systems systems used to playback multimedia applications o Multimedia developer requires sound card video card microphone speakers camera DVD drivesTEXTDual role o VISUAL representation of the message o GRAPHICAL element Use of text in multimedia applications varies on o The type of applicationeducational entertainment business o Audiencechildren teens adults elderly ESL less text for children vs adultsChanging the look of webpage by changing o Text attributescolour size font type o Designlayoutplacement of textbullets alignment text in groups Emphasis can be added by varying text attributes o Font typeArial times new romanSERIFtails script body paragraphs times courier new century schoolbook palatinoTailseasier to read on paperSANSSERIFno tails blockoriented headings titles arial verdana Helvetica comic Easier to read paragraphs on websites short headingso Styleregular bold italics o Kerningspace between adjacent individual characters measurement expressed in em emphasisnegative 0 positive valuesHelps align multiple lines o Leadingvertical space between lines of text measured in positive 0 or negative points lower valuecloser together higher valuefurther aparto Sizepts vs pixels o Colourred blue black o Special effectsunderline shadows superscript subscript Text sizePixels vs PointsPIXEL ppi aka dpi POINTS dpiunit of measure for monitor resolution px unit of measure for printer resolution pt WEB WORD of pixels per inch of monitor display of dots per inch a display setting of 1280x1024 has 13 million DPI absolute type sizeusually used in printing 800x600 has 480000 DPIhigher dpibetter resolution standard resolution on Mac72 dpi points are a PRINT unit of measurestandard resolution on Windows96 dpiPC fonts 25 larger than mac fonts on websites fronts more precisely the size you want on the if web documenttext expressed in points screen can be displayed much larger or smaller than you some browsers will not allow the text size to change expect IEno FFyes httpwwwlargnetonca httpwwwuwoca Control over the viewing size print style sheets created to print text using points72 pts WILL ALWAYS BE 1 INCH WHEN PRINTED
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