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Review for first exam.docx

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English 2017
Brian Patton

Review February-06-13 8:06 PM Reading the Romance Part 1: Medieval Romance (Romance as a genre)  Very broad  Most popular genre  Involved Knights, courtly ladies, quests, contests and battles, magic and religion Romance as a narrative form  Written as long narrative prose and verses Romance as a mode Realism narrative: persuades us that the world is pretty much the same as were living Satire narrative: plays up the negative aspects of the world where problems are magnified Romance: seen as a beautiful version between realism and satire where the idealized version of our world exists Popular romance  Though new and modern there are roots from older romance traditions  Instead of journeys and quests for Knights and courtly ladies there are quests towards knowledge and understanding Romance as wish fulfillment  Romance provides a utopian solution to reals problems  Entertainment provides an escape from the real world Christine Geraghty: 3 features of a typical romance 1. Central female protagonist o Women who play the main role in romance are seen as the leading character/heroine 2. Public vs. Private spheres o Publication and privatization of female and masculine spaces 3. Women's superior understanding and control of emotions o Skills women excel in where men decrease because they cant understand or control their emotions Feminist critiques of Romance  Romance is seen as a false consciousness and popular culture is out to get the liberated women  Popular culture(romance included) is seen as a potential site where meanings are challenged and where dominant ideologies can be disturbed The 'Byronic Hero' of Romance  A character/figure used for self-revelation and self-concealment  The arrogant, moody, cunning, intelligent male lead character Janice Radway; Reading the Romance(1984)  Structuralist approach o An approach that studies the underlying function of a story and follows the orders of elements in the text o Ideal Romance  Heroine is alone with no man and is bitter about it, act negatively towards male, man then acts confused, heroine thinks that it is because sexual tension. Male then retaliates by punishing the heroine, then treats her nicely they fall in love and heroine's identity is restored  Ethnographic approach o Scientific description of specific human cultures o 'writing about people' and observing people in groups  Radway's critique od the 'ideal romance' o That romance presents a highly idealized vision of a patriarchal world where men have money and power and women must negotiate by emotions Reading the Romance Part 2: Post-feminism  A reaction against perceived contradictions and absences of second wave feminism  Post-feminism is seen in media such as Bridget Jones's Diary and Sex and the City  Female characters like Bridget Jones and Carrie Bradshaw claim to be liberated and clearly enjoy their sexuality but they are always searching for the one man that will make everything complete Bridget Jones and Feminism  The simultaneous use of the rhetoric of female empowerment and sociopolitical responsibility and the pursuit of a meaningful heterosexual relationship as the ultimate goal Commercial television and the sitcom The Advent of television  First TV broadcasts in 1928 with a slow early development due to depression and war, lack of money for a TV set and industrial investments in radio Television Comedy  1946-48: sports and drama dominated TV  1948: comedy/variety program  Texco Star Theater o American comedy-variety show on T.V from 1948-56 o One of the first successful examples of American Television broadcasting Vaudeville and Early TV  Theatrical genre of variety entertainment  Performances consisted of a series of unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill  Types of acts: musicians, comedians, live animals, female impersonators etc.  Ex: Burns and Allen TV and the postwar suburbs  Reorganization of social relationships (Suburban Paradox) o Private haven vs. sense of community o Strangers linked by demographic similarities 'Public' spectacles simulated in private spaces  Actors acknowledge 'audience'  Sets are designed to resemble theater stage  Fake laugh tracks  Privatization of public experiences  Ex: the George Burns and Grace Allen show Formula of the domestic situation comedy  Comic structure o Order ---> situation ---> order o Narrative closure: having a definite and final ending  Ex: murder identified, male lead marries female lead The Sitcom  Format was developed for radio and later went to television  The sitcom both celebrates and defines what is 'ordinary'  Situation comedies deal with ordinary, everyday circumstances and features surrogate families  Invites families at home to watch families at home- TV enters into the spaces where we live  Sitcom norm o A hapless, childlike husband and father blessed with a patient motherly wife o Ex: Homer Simpson, Phil Dunphy I Love Lucy  1951-57  Lucy and Richard Ricardo both singers living in Manhattan, Lucy as a frustrated housewife  Use of slapstick humor and music: Vaudeville elements Betty Friedan: the Feminine Mystique  A book widely created for sparking the beginning of second wave humor in the USA 'The Love Economy'  Husband as earners, wives as spenders  Domestic women's power exercised in the home through emotional and sexual influences o Persuasion, manipulation, giving and with holding sex Crime and Detection Part 1: Mystery vs. Horror  Mystery o Rational o A hidden secret thing  Horror o Irrational o Quality of excitement and dread  Edgar Allan Poe(1809-49) o 'Tales of Ratiocination'(the process of reasoning)  Ex: Mystery/detective stories o 'Tales of Mystery and the Imagination'  Ex: stories of horror and the super natural Urbanization and Crime  Urbanization and Industrialization o Cities as places of danger Trials and Executions as spectacle and entertainment  Executions at Tyburn(12th-18th century) o The Tyburn tree o Sales of ballads and broadsheets were for the audience so they could know what was going on/who/ and why people were being hung The Newgate Calendar  Widely read between 1750's and 1850's  First a monthly bulletin, then a series of collections of criminals life and death stories  Was used for entertainment and moral instruction where children were encouraged to read it because it would teach them lessons The Panopticon  Jeremy Bentham's Panpoticon design(1791) o Meant to be seen by all or all seeing Edgar Allen Poe and the Detective Story  Generic conventions o Brilliant amateur o Lazy detective o Police officer as foil o 'the Watson'- less gifted narrator/assistant  Detective Fiction after Poe o The Moonstone by Wilkie Collins  The first english 'whodunit' novel o A study in Scarlet by Sir Arthur C. Doyle  Introduced Sherlock Holmes The Detection Club (1928)  Father Arnold Knox's 10 Commandments of the Detective story (1929) The Mystery as Entertainment and Ritual  Christie's dedication o The 'orthodox detective story' o 'murder, inquest and suspicion falling on everyone in one turn'  Return to normalcy/villain as scapegoat? o Contrast with 'hard-boiled' crime fiction The Murder of Robert Ackroyd (1926)  Panopticism in King's abbot o Gossip and surveillance  Village as locked room/country house o RA's family:  Mrs.A, Flora, Ralph, Ursula  Poirot, the Detective o Gifted amateur o The detective as an outsider- his ritual role  Dr. Sheppard as 'The Watson' o The question of readers identification o Sheppard's misleading discretion and unwillingness  Sheppard as the Villain o The murdered as a 'very ordinary man' o Truth and justice  The power of surveillance o 'exposure means ruins' Crime and Detection Part 2: American Hard Boiled Detective Fiction  Dashiell Hammett o The Maltese falcon  Raymond Chandler o The big sleep; Murder, My Sweet  Jones M. Cain o Double identity o The postman always rings twice Raymond Chandler (1888-1959)  Publishing pulps in 1933  Chandler's style o Notoriously complex plots o Chandlerisms(hard-boiled
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