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December Exam notes

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Western University
English 2017
Nigel Joseph

English Summary NotesAnorexia and AttractivenessNorth American obsession with physical attractivenessWomen are more targeted by the ideology of beauty then men Two general categories to judging physical attractivenessoYouthwant to capture the period of youth covers a huge area of what we think of as physically attractiveTeens are slim older people losing weight want to look youngNaomi Klein says the aspiration age is 17oBody weightsupermodels are dangerously skinny fashion slimness has nothing to do with health We are constantly inundated with advertisements of beautiful peopleWe are told physical attractiveness is associated with successoStudys show a correlation between looks and justice in court of law Different sentences for average looking peopleTypically an older male judge may come down more lightly on young attractive female plaintiffHiring workmen in your housein North America theres a tendency to choose taller more presentable plumbersPop culture is blamed for people becomes overly concerned with their appearanceSchool girls 1213 were asked what they would change to make them happier 46 said losing weight In almost all popular film narratives and TV programs theres a tendency for the attractive person to get the attractive partner money and live longer oMessage that life is better for attractive people Attractive people are considered more intelligent more interesting and have more social influence oThis is contradicted by the blonde bimbo ideaoIn pop culture the lead character is often not as attractive but has a blonde bimbo friend that is funny and bubbly We may not believe it but we act like it by making ourselves more attractive9 of average working men made 9 less in hourly earnings than those considered attractive o32 of men classified as above average had wages 5 higher oSame stats for women but they are higher for men What was considered a pathological focus on appearance is now taking over the male population oCosmetic proceduresfather giving daughter boob job for graduation 1oBody dysmorphiavery common in women but getting more common in men oTraditionally men in the west were unconsumed with their appearance Traditionally they werent looked at this is changing they are now becoming the focus of moviesEg In Twilight everyones looking at the male roles not the female she is focusing on them They are taking their clothes off not her eg Magic mike Things are changing and women are getting worked up about men on screenMen are getting accustomed to being the focus and taking more care of their appearance Eg Metrosexual men wearing make up Obsession with appearanceobesity is highly stigmatized in north AmericaoChildren have anti fat attitudesoChildren are being conditioned and coerced at a young age to avoid certain kinds of appearances oDownward economic mobility of fat people especially women Paintings depicted appearanceoRenoirs painting show fleshy bodies and child bearing hips oAny famous painters of the past 200300 years very rarely do you see women like the ones admired today Kate Mossin 2030 years we have moved from full figured Marilyn Monroe to stick thin Kate Moss Different cultures have different idealsoIn Brazil you can buy appetite suppressant drugs across the countrywhy anorexia is such a problem thereoIn some countries the idea is to eat and be fat so people wont laugh at your figure skinny means the family doesnt have money because they cant afford to feed you Machine civilization oOur relationship with cards cellphones and computers oAdmiration leads to aspiration at some pointoWe want our bodies to have the same efficiency as our machinesoStripped down sleek performance and look oWe start seeing our body the same waywhy isnt it performing like my caroMachines are beautiful because of status and money oThe human body without an ounce of fat is beautiful in the same way as a machine Guns oBeautiful in America not Canada2
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