English 1028F/G Study Guide - Final Guide: Intertextuality, Wart, Liminality

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Published on 1 May 2013
Department
Professor
ProgTitle
Author
Characters
Plot Points
Themes/Symbols
Terms
Heart of
Darkness
Joseph
Conrad
Marlow: sailor
Kurtz:
General Manager:
runs the Central
Station
Russian:
Kurtz “Intended
Kurtz’s Mistress
-Marlow takes job with company for trade in Congo
-native inhabitants of region have been forced into
company’s service, suffer from overwork and ill treatment
-steamship sinks then waits for parts for repair
-Marlow and manager go with agents and cannibals up the
river, coming across a hut with stacked firewood and a note
saying that the wood is for them but to use wisely
-ship is attacked by natives
-Russian trader claims that Kurtz has established himself as
a god with native and has gone on raids of surrounding
territory in search of ivory
-Kurtz is ill, has a native mistress who has influence over
him
-Kurtz ordered attack on steamer to make them believe he
was dead and leave. Kurtz disappears, Marlow goes after
him.
-Kurtz dies, gave message to M about
exterminating/civilizing the brutes instead of being their god
Last words of K: “the horror, the horror!”
Imperialism and Racism
-Kurtz is just as savage, even
though they originally were
civilizing the natives
-Africans are objects (ex. Helmsman
is a “piece of machinery”)
-Africans a backdrop to Marlow
-dehumanization
-economic expansion
-terra nullius (if a land is empty it
has claim by the people who occupy
it)
Insanity
-result of removal from one’s social
context and allowed to be sole
arbiter of ones own actions
Women
-intended and mistress are blank
slates
Quest Narrative
-ivory trade
Imperialism, Quest
Narrative
Apocalypse
Now
Francis
Ford
Coppola
Benjamin Willard:
main character
Walter Kurtz:
captain gone bad
Chief, Chef, Lance,
and Clean: boat’s
crew
Bill Kilgore: colonel
that is also a bit
crazy
-Willard ordered to terminate Kurtz, who has gone crazy
and committed murder
-Kilgore supposed to escort them to mouth of Nung River
-Chef searching for food, tiger jumps out at them he has
nervous breakdown while crew shoots at what they think is
Vietcong
-playboy scene results in chaos with soldiers
-Clean shoots all peasants on boat that they search because a
woman made a sudden move, they were innocent and she
was looking for a puppy. He is later killed when the PBR
attacked
-natives shoot arrows at the boat, chief is impaled with a
spear
-Kurtz’s camp has dead bodies. Kurtz imprisons Willard,
kills Chef, then sets Willard free to roam the compound
-Willard kills Kurtz with machete. When Willard emerges,
the natives acknowledge him as their new leader/god. Then
he returns to the boat.
Insanity
-starts with Willard crazy, ends with
similar insanity
-crew members are naïve to realities
of combat and lose sanity
-Willard identifies with Kurtz at
some points
-freedom from societal constraints
results in insanity/savagery
Intermedial Adaptation
-accessible and widely
received by more
audiences
Imperialism
-valuing American life
more than Vietnamese
Voice Over Narration,
Film Cross Cutting
The
Odyssey
Homer
Odysseus
Suitors
Penelope
Telemachus: son
Antinous: one of
suitors, plans to kill
Tel.
-10 years after fall of Troy, Odysseus still hasn’t returned to
Ithaca
-Calypso imprisons him on her island, Ogygia, because she
loves him
-Athena wants to help Telemachus
-Hermes persuades Calypso to let Odysseus build a ship to
leave, he does so
Epic
-understand that the story
was structured around the
traditional algorithm that
is an epic
Illusion, Epic Story, Oral
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Calypso: nymph
Eurycleia:
Odysseus’ nurse
-Posiedon sends storm to wreck his ship since Od. blinded
his son (Cyclops)
-Odysseus rests at Scheria with Phaeacians
- tells them of his trip to Lotus Eaters, Battle with Cyclops,
love affair with Circe, temptation by Sirens, journey to
Hades to see Tiresias, and fight with sea monster Scylla
-Odysseus disguised as a beggar, reveals himself to son and
plans to massacre suitors and regain control
-Penelope suspects that he is suitor, sets up archery contest
to prove true identity
Book 1
-begins 10 years after the fall of Troy
- Odysseus is on the island of Ogygia with the goddess
Calypso
-
Tradition, Composite
Authorship, Narrative
Structure, Episodic
Narrative, Epithet,
Translation, Narrative
Voice, Heroic Action,
Heroic Discourse,
Embedded Stories,
Nostos: everything aims
toward goal of his return
, Philoxenia, Epithet,
Philoxenia, Quest
Narrative, Oral
Storytelling
Episodic Narrative
-orients time and space
Myth
-Gods: Athena, Poseidon
-Polyphemus (Cyclops)
The
Penelopiad
Margaret
Atwood
Penelope: wife of
Odysseus
Odysseus
Helen: Penelope’s
cousin
Telemachus: son
- Penelope is in Hades, unhappy about being misunderstood
- she DID recognize Odysseus upon his return, but thought
she should flatter his ego by playing along
- she downplays her husbands heroism
- Penelope had ordered the maids to be her eyes and ears
among the suitors for her and Odysseus’ benefit, but
Odysseus murders them in the end
Perspective
- validity of the storyteller is
questioned
Illusion, Metafiction,
Myth, Mythos, Bathos,
Narrative Point of View,
Satire, Course,
Burlesque: chorus
Mennipean Satire,
Parody
-offers alternate point of
view
-questions validity of
original text
Satire, Chorus, Frame
Stories, Woman’s
Question
Wide
Sargasso
Sea
Jean
Rhys
Antoinette based
on Bertha, Creole
girl
Annette
Antoinette’s mother
Rochester
Christophine
Mr. Mason
Aunt Cora
Alexander Cosway
Amelie
Narrator Antoinette in Part One; Rochester for most of
Part Two except for a scene narrated by Antoinette; Grace
Poole and then Antoinette in Part Three
The time of the story takes place after the Emancipation Act
of 1833, which freed black slaves.
Annette’s friend Mr. Luttrell shoots his dog and swims out
to sea. Antoinette finds her mother’s horse dead under a tree
(poisoned). Antoinette’s mom goes crazy. Pierre (younger
brother) is sick.
Antoinette lives at Coulibri Estate, her only friend Tia turns
against her unexpectedly calling A’s fam poor and trashy.
Slavery and entrapment
-A is doomed to form of
enslavement in her love and
dependency upon Rochester
-the whole novel gives voice to
marginalized and silenced
-rename, denies her heritage
Madness
-inherits from her mother and father
-paranoia, pushed into childlike
Woman’s Question,
Imperialism
Gothic
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