English 2200F/G Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Vishvarupa, Mimesis
Course CodeEnglish 2200F/G
ProfessorMary- Helen Mc Murran
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Midterm Review, Plato, and Aristotle
-PLATO “THE REPUBLIC” 427-387 BCE
-things are always in flux
-censor the arts, artists lie to us
-ARISTOTLE “POETICS” 382-322 BCE
-est. philosophical system (ethics, politics, physics)
-rules of tragedy (plot is more important than character)
-mimesis (representation) is natural to us because that’s how we learn
-gave definitions for terms involving the arts
-HORACE “ARS POETICA” 65-8 BC
-gives practical writing advice for how to be a successful writer/audience pleaser
-make writing pleasing and realistic (fiction shouldn’t be too out there)
-LONGINUS “ON SUBLIMITY” 1st century
-sublimity is about elevation not extension (vertical vs. horizontal)
-expressive theory of lit. over mimetic (reality shaped by artist vs. art represents reality)
-you have to overlook the faults in geniuses because their mistakes don’t compare to
-PHILIP SIDNEY “A DEFENSE OF POESIE” 1554-1586
-Defends dignity of poet, answers objections against poetry and examines state of
-poetry should “teach and delight”
-history can only look at what happened, philosophy on what could happen: poetry can
do both. history doesn’t teach morals, philosophy is too abstract.
-art is our reality. everything that we do in art is some representation of reality, except
poets can enhance reality or bring other forms to life.
-JOESPH ADDISON “THE SPECTATOR No. 412” 1672-1719
-talks about pleasures of imagination. Associated more with sublime rather than beauty.
-DAVID HUME “ON THE STANDARD OF TASTE” 1711-1776
-his thesis is that it is natural for us to seek a standard of taste: a rule by which various
sentiments (feeling) can be reconciled.
-people can have opinions, but they can’t be all that makes you have an opinion of
something. the opinions have nothing to do with the actual beauty of the thing.
-beauty is in the eye of the beholder. it is in us that it exists and is felt.
-different humours and different cultures affect the standard of taste
Plato “The Republic”
427 - 327 BCE
-The Republic is written by Plato but involves Socrates having a number of dialogues.
-Plato was a wealthy aristocrat who was expected to go into politics. But he didn’t, instead he
devoted his life to study and founding school.
-Among the first schools ever.
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