Film Studies 1020E Study Guide - Final Guide: Showscan, Anamorphic Format, Unreliable Narrator

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Published on 18 Jun 2012
School
Western University
Department
Film Studies
Course
Film Studies 1020E
Mise-en-Scène
Definitions
-Mise-en Scene: elements of a movie scene that
are put in a position before the film actually
begins and are employed in certain ways once it
does ex. props, lighting, actors
-features of the image that exist without the
camera and the process of filming and editing
-creates meaning for audience
-naturalistic: a style of filmmaking emphasizing
the similarities between our world and the film
world (gladiator)
-theatrical: emphasizing the spectacularities of a
film
-addressing the camera: artificial theatrical mode
of performance
-Scenic and Atmospheric Realism
- realism: describes the extent to which a
movie creates a truthful picture of society,
person or life
-psychological or emotional
accuracy in characters
-logical and recognizable actions
and developments in a story
-scenic realism in m-e-s helps viewer to
recognize sets and settings as accurate
evocations of actual places
-m-e-s builds atmosphere and
connotations: feelings associated with
particuliar sets or settings
-expressive MES: MES dimensions are
independent of the characters and describe an
emotional or spiritual life
-contructive: characters can manipulate the
world
History and technological innovations
-film is similar to the permician stage
-began with early Greek theatre around 500 BC --
a place where a community’s religious beliefs
and truths could be acted out
-European medieval theatre clebrated Christian
stories i.e. Adam and Eve
-MES in Shakespeare time repped a secular
world of politics and personal relationships
where individuals and communities could
fashion beliefs and truths could be acted out
-19th century lighting: other tech developments
altered nature of MES
-David Garrick unified and professionalized
theatre
-used panoramic scenery and machinery
developed by innovators to overwhelm
audiences
1900-1912
-first films depended on natural light
-mercury vapor lamps and indoor lighting
enabled studio shooting
1915-1928
-feature length films became the norm
-elborate set designers became crucial to
filmmaking
-costume shaped the idea of glamour
1930-1960
soundstages: large soundproofed buildings were
designed to move and construct with efficiency
elaborate sets
-studio backlots enabled the construction of
entire worlds
-shaped contemporary expectations of movie
magic
1940-1970
-fiction and documentary filmmaking have come
to depend on location scouting for suitable MES
1975
-shift from recreating environments to
computerized models and computer graphic
technicians
Cinematography
History and technological innovations
1820’s-1880’s
-phenakitiscope and zoetrope allowed a person
to view a series of images through slits in a
circular wheel
-photography was able to produce images and
make them readily available to the masses
-chronotography: still images that recorded
incremental movement and formed the basis of
cinema
1890’s-1920’s
-1895 birthdate of movies when Auguste and
Louis Lumiere successfully joined two key
elements: 1. Recording a sequence of images on a
flexible, transparent medium
2. projected the sequence on technology called
Cinematogrophe
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-filmstock: consists of flexible backing or base:
i.e. celluloid (highly flammable so most silent
films are lost
-panchromatic stock: film stock with a full
spectrum of colours, creating a more realistic
image
1930’s-1940’s
-technicolour: was a three strip process which
recorded different colours separately to create a
single image with a full colour spectrum
-camera lens: curved piece of glass at the front of
the camera which redirects light rays in order to
focus and shape images
-changed significantly in this time in
terms of lens speed (determines how much
light an aperature allows to be gathered)
-focal length: the distance from the center of the
lens to where light rays meet in sharp focus
-alters perspective relation of image
-wide angle lens: short focal length
-cinematographers could explore a depth
of field that would show different visual planes
simultaneously
-telephoto lens: long focal length
-zoom: variable focus length
-these perspective ranges meant better
resolution, more depth of field, wider angles,
more frame movement
-handheld light cameras developed
1950’s-1960’s
-widescreen processes: changed the size of an
image by widening it
-anamorphic lens: squeezed a wide angle view
onto a 35 mm film strip and then unsqueezed it
when projected
-most movies were shot in colour
-images were distorted through filters, flares,
and photo lenses
1970’s-1980’s
-camera movement enhanced by steadicam:
stabilization device allowing operator to follow
action smoothly and rapidly
-Imax+Showscan projection systems store 3x as
much information as a 70mm film image and
creates remarkably dense and detailed images
1990’s and Beyond
-digital future
-mini DVR
-non-linear editing
Editing:
Definitions
-Editing: the process through which different
images and shots are linked
-shot: a continuous length of film
-chronology: the order to which shots or scenes
convey the temporal sequence of the story’s
events
-flashback: follows one or more images of the
present with one or more of the past
-sequence shot: an entire sequence plays out in
one take
History, technological innovations and
related movements
1895-1920 Early Cinema and Classical Editing
Stlye
-crosscutting/parallel editing: alternating
between two or more strands of simultaneous
action
1924-1929 Soviet Montage
- montage: style emphasizing the breaks and
contrasts between images joined by a cut
1929-1950 The Studio Era Continuity Editing
to New Realisms
-continuity editing: the use of cuts and other
transitions to establish a coherent time and
space
-cinematic realism became established as one of
the primary aesthetic principles in film editing
1959-1989 Modern Disjunctive Editing
-disjunctive editing: calls attention to the cut
through spatial tension, temporal jumps,
rhythmic or graphic patterns
-disorients/confuses viewer
-jump cuts: edits that intentionally create gaps in
the action
1990-Present Editing in the Digital Age
-computer-based non-linear digital editing
systems
-film footage is stored as digital info on computer
drives
-takes can be organized and accessed instantly
-flexible and efficient
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Document Summary

Realism: describes the extent to which a. Mise-en scene: elements of a movie scene that are put in a position before the film actually begins and are employed in certain ways once it does ex. props, lighting, actors. Features of the image that exist without the camera and the process of filming and editing. Naturalistic: a style of filmmaking emphasizing the similarities between our world and the film world (gladiator) Addressing the camera: artificial theatrical mode of performance. Scenic and atmospheric realism movie creates a truthful picture of society, person or life accuracy in characters and developments in a story recognize sets and settings as evocations of actual places. M-e-s builds atmosphere and connotations: feelings associated with. Expressive mes: mes dimensions are independent of the characters and describe an emotional or spiritual life. Began with early greek theatre around 500 bc -- a place where a community"s religious beliefs and truths could be acted out.

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