David Bordwell – Classical Hollywood Narration
Anarrative can be studied in terms of representation and semantics (refer to notes on semiotics) or by its’
structure. The classic Hollywood narrative presents psychologically defined individuals attempting to resolve a
clear-cut problem. Fabula = cause and effect. Classical syuzhet often has two plot lines involving two different
spheres of the narrative. By manipulating space and time the classical narration makes the fabula world
consistent and comprehensive. In classical narration, style instructs the viewer to construct a coherent
understanding of time and space.
Classical narration is logical.
Eisenstein – DialecticApproach To Film Form (Formalism)
Montage is a collision of interdependent singular shots – shots that can even be opposite of one another – to
create or enhance a particular emotion within an individual. The conventional descriptiveness of film form
leads for a possibility of filmic reasoning. While conventional film directs emotions, this suggests an
opportunity to direct the entire thought process as well. Cinema as a synthesis of art and science.
Shows how conflicting or unrelated images can be linked together to generate emotional, intellectual and
political understanding of real events.
Involves directing spectator’s experience through the organization of real events to making meaning through
the use of chain shots.
Kuleshov effect – man + soup = hunger; man + baby = happy
Thesis +Antithesis = Synthesis of both that is most truthful
Andre Bazin – French Realism
Helped establish cahiers du cinema (journal), emerged some of the most renowned directors from French new
Wave (Godard). Realism is the imitation of reality in the arts, film’s ability to refer to the world through images
that resemble and record the presence of