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GEO 1400 Final Exam Review.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
Geography 1400F/G
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
GEO1400FinalExamReviewLecture6PoliticsandSpacePoliticalGeographythestudyoftheorganizationanddistributionofpoliticalphenomenaincludingtheirimpactonotherspatialcomponentsofsocietyandcultureoStudiesthespatialdimensionofhumanconflictandcooperationonthisplanetoScaleofstudyTraditionallyatthestatelevelStudiestheactionsofgovernmentsandinstitutionsratherthanthoseofactualpeopleoInterestedinhowhumansGroupthemselvesintonationsHowthosenationscanformthefoundationofstatesHowstatesclaimspaceastheirterritoryHowstatescompeteforterritoryandnegotiateboundariesbetweeneachotherKeyPoliticalGeographyConceptsNationsoAnindependentpoliticalunitholdingsovereigntyoveraterritoryoAcommunityofpeoplewithacommoncultureandterritoryoCulturaltraitcanbeMothertongueEthnicancestryReligionHistoryStatesoAnindependentpoliticalunitoccupyingadefinedpermanentlypopulatedterritoryandhavingfullsovereigncontroloveritsinternalandforeignaffairsoIthasthefollowingcharacteristicsItcoversadistinctlandThelimitsoftheterritoryaredefinedbyboundariestoneighbouringstatesTheterritoryisruledbyonegovernmentthatexercisecontrolovertheterritoryandthosethatlivewithinitNationStateoAstatewhoseterritorialextentcoincideswiththatoccupiedbyadistinctnationorpeopleatleastwhosepopulationsharesageneralsenseofcohesionandadherencetoasetofcommonvaluesoAnentitywhosemembersfeelanaturalconnectionwitheachotherbyvirtueofsharinglanguagereligionorsomeotherculturalcharacteristicsoTherearefewtruenationstatesExamplesJapanIcelandSloveniaPortugalMultinationalStateoAstatethatcontainsmorethanonenationwithinoPopulationformedbyoneortwodistinctnationsoExamplesBelgiumSwitzerlandGreatBritainCanadaStatelessNationoNationsthatdonotcurrentlyhaveastateoftheirownGeographicCharacteristicsofStatesLocationAbsolutelocationlocationonearthlatitudedeterminesagriculturalpotentialetcLandlockedstatesthoselackingoceanfrontageareatacommercialstrategicdisadvantageoLackaccesstomaritimetradeoLackaccesstoresourcesfoundatseaCoresandCapitalsCoreAreacontainsthemostdevelopedeconomicbasedensestpopulationandlargestcitiesthemosthighlydevelopedtransportationsystemsandtheresourceswhichsustaineditoThecapitalcityisusuallywithinthecoreUnitaryStatesoAssociationbetweencapitalandcoreoHighlycentralizedgovernmentsoStrongsenseofnationalidentityoBordersthatareclearlyculturalaswellaspoliticalboundariesCentripetalForcesPromotingStateCohesionForcesthatpromoteunityandnationalstabilityBindtogetherthepeopleofastateenableittofunctionandgiveitstrengthFourCentripetalForces1NationalismMostpowerfulAnidentificationwiththestateandtheacceptanceofnationalgoalsAnemotionthatprovidesasenseofidentityandloyaltyandofcollectivedistinctionfromallotherpeoplesandlandsPeoplewhohavesuchallegiancearelikelytoacceptcommonrulesofactionandbehaviourandtoparticipateinthedecisionmakingprocessestablishingthoserules2UnifyingInstitutionsHelpsdevelopthesenseofcommitmentandcohesivenessExamplesschoolschurchesSchoolsinstillthesocietysgoalsvaluesandtraditionsoTeachthecommonlanguagethatconveysthemandtoguideyoungsterstoidentitywiththeircountry3OrganizationandAdministrationPublicconfidenceintheeffectiveorganizationofthestateStatewillpromotethewelfareandprotectthesafetyofitscitizens4TransportationandCommunicationTransportationnetworkfosterspoliticalintegrationbypromotinginteractionbetweenareasandbyjoiningthemeconomicallyandsociallyPromotestatecohesionthroughlimitationonexternalspatialinteraction
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