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Ontario's Profile- Geography .docx

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Geography 2011A/B
Wendy Dickinson

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Geography 2011b: Ontario Profile—Geography­profile­geography/ January 25, 2014 Jessica Hogle • Ontario is Canada’s second largest province (more than one million square km) which is larger than France and Spain  combined  • Ontario is bounded by Quebec on the east, Manitoba on the west, Hudson bay and James Bay in the North, and the  great lakes and St. Lawrence in the south • Manitoulin Island in Georgian Bay is the worlds largest freshwater island • Sault St Marie is the city closest to Ontario’s halfway point • More than 13 million people live in Ontario  Physical Geography • Three main geographical regions: o Canadian Shield  North western and central portions  Covers half the land area in province  Rich in minerals and has many lakes and rivers  Sub regions: northwestern Ontario and northeastern Ontario o Hudson Bay Lowlands  Unpopulated  High north and north east  Swampy and sparsely forested o Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowlands  Most populous region  Located in the south of Ontario, where agriculture and industry are concentrated  Sub divided into: • Central Ontario • Eastern Ontario • Golden Horseshoe • Southwestern Ontario • Highest point in Ontario is Ishpatina Ridge and 693m above sea level located in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario • Carolinian Forest zone o Covers most of the Southwestern section o Part of the GTA at the Western end of Lake Ontario o Most well known feature: Niagara Falls o St Lawrence Seaway allows navigation from the Atlantic Oceans o Northern Ontario occupies 87% of the SA of the province while Southern Ontario contains 94% of the  population  • Niagara Escarpment o Runs westward from the New York State through Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Illinois o Composed of the Lockport geological formation of Silurian age o Most famous for the river that turns into the Niagara Falls o In February 1990, is was designated a Worl Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO (1 in 12 in Canada) Climate • Three main climatic regions o Southwestern Ontario has moderate humid continental climate; has warm humid summers and cold winter  o Point Pelee and Middle Island are at the dividing line of a humid continental climate and a humid subtropical  climate  o Central and Eastern Ontario have a more severe humid continental climate; warmer and sometimes hot 
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