Geography 2152F/G Study Guide - Final Guide: Gofer, Mudflow, Root

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
Department
Final Exam Questions
Matching
Seismograph
Instrument that records earthquakes
Liquefaction
Transformation of solid material
S Wave
Travels in a snake-like motion
Epicenter
Point on Earth’s surface above quake
Intensity
Measure of severity and shaking
P Wave
Travels in a push-pull motion
Focus
Where the rocks first rupture
Tectonic Creep
Slow, continuous movement
Amplification
Transfer of energy to surface waves
Thrust Fault
Low-angle reverse fault
Tephra
General term for volcanic material
Pyroclastic Flow
The most deadly feature of volcanoes
Lahar
Mud flow
Pahoehoe
Hardened lava with a smooth texture
Maar
A crater that has filled with water to form a lake
Composite Volcano
A steep-sided volcanic cone
Caldera
A crater caused by collapse of the summit
Shield Volcano
A volcano with gently rising sides
Lateral Blast
Explosion out of the volcano’s side
Super Volcano
Yellowstone is an example
Prescribed Burn
A purposely set controlled fire
Surface Fire
A wildfire that burns along the ground
Fuel
Leaves, debris, and shrubs are examples
Fire Regime
Potential for wildfire based on fuel; terrain
Extinction
The final phase of a wildfire
Combustion
The phase of a wildfire that includes flaming
Pioneer Vegetation
First plant species to appear after a wildfire
Crown Fire
Flaming combustion of the upper canopy
Pre-Ignition
Initial phase of a wildfire
Fire Break
An area lacking fuel
Epidemiology
The study of health related events
Pandemic
Global spread of disease
Outbreak
Simultaneous occurrence of cases
Cholera
Caused by drinking contaminated water
Radon
An odourless gas
Sonar
Used to find the remains of Titanic
Chernobyl
Location of the world’s worst nuclear accident
Cumulative Effects
Cause a slow worsening over time
Influenza
Disease with universal susceptibility
Uranium
Mined for use in nuclear reactors
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Document Summary

A crater that has filled with water to form a lake. A crater caused by collapse of the summit. The phase of a wildfire that includes flaming. First plant species to appear after a wildfire. A portable device that emits a radio signal. A sudden increase in fire intensity or rate of spread strong enough to prevent direct control or to upset control plans. Used fire as a tool for hunting. Moulding the environment to their needs: what changes in u. s. national fire policy came from the giant wildfire of. All fires would be put out; 100% suppression. Extinguish all fires as quickly as possible: describe the story behind the real smokey the bear. An actual cub, orphaned by a fire in new mexico, soon became the real. Smokey the bear; bear burned in a real fire. Burn off fuel in front of the main fire and create a safety zone of black.

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