GEOG 2152F: Geography of Hazards
Reading #3 Review Questions
1. What are some of the main differences between pre-industrial (folk)
responses to disasters and industrial responses? During what time
period did industrial responses become commonly observed?
Pre-industrial responses were largely actions by individuals and
small groups and involved a wide range of adjustments. There was an
emphasis on harmonization with nature and also involved limited
capital requirements. Responses vary over short distances and are
flexible. Losses are perceived as inevitable and are minimized by
learning with experience. Industrial responses involve coordination
with the authorities and have a restricted range. Emphasis is placed on
technological control over nature and therefore responses involve high
capital requirements. Responses are uniform and may be reduced by
government action. Industrial responses became commonly observed
in the early twentieth century.
2. What is meant by the “long nineteenth century”?
“Long nineteenth century” refers to the eruption period of Mount
Etna between 1792/3 and 1923.
3. What is the difference between a Type A lava flow field and a Type
B lava flow field?
A Type A flow field is narrow when compared with its length, whereas a Type B
flow is wide when compared with its length.
4. Describe the geography of Sicily. Why does the inland part of the
island appear so different than the outer edges?
Sicily is described as an “ugly picture in a frame of gold” because
the interior of the island is dry and