Geography 3422A/B Study Guide - Whipcracking, W. M. Keck Observatory, Vale Limited

27 views5 pages
Bosses Are Reining in Staff Because They Can and
Skills for Global Business 3/24/2013 12:59:00 PM
Bosses Are Reining in Staff Because They Can
Marissa Mayer, Yahoo‟s new chief executive, has caused
consternation by insisting employees who work from home must in
future come to the office
o Her critics have pointed out that home workers are as
productive, if not more so, as those in cubicles
o Ms. Mayer is mostly doing this as a way to reform Yahoo‟s
notoriously dysfunctional and disorganized culture
o She is also doing it because she can
The lesson to draw from Ms. Mayer‟s whip-cracking, in Silicon
Valley, of all places, is that this is an age of harder work
o Yahoo is among the old Valley companies shedding layers of
employees so it can regain its edge
o The US and Europe still suffer from high unemployment long
after the 2008 financial crisis
That has undermined employees‟ bargaining power,
enabling managers to impose greater demands on their
shrinking workforces
Managers also have more technology than in the past to measure
what each employee contributes
o Silicon Valley is at the benign end of the scale it is devising
software to measure others rather than being measured itself
o Valley companies were pioneers of team-working and
employee autonomy compared with tough methods elsewhere
Engineers at start-ups, and at the most successful of the big
companies such as Google and Apple, have plenty of autonomy,
and are paid and rewarded highly, they also work very hard
o These companies use an extreme version of the motivational
technique called Theory Y by the management theorist
Douglas McGregor in 1960
Has worked well in the past few decades, but a
combination of new technology and a shift in the
balance of managerial power is bringing back Taylorism
Technology is enabling the kind of surveillance of which
Taylor could only have dreamt
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Theory X the opposite approach assumes that workers need
to be tightly managed and supervised because they are
inherently slackers
Goes back to the “scientific management” notions of
Frederick Taylor, a mechanical engineer (1911) who
advocated breaking down the work of unskilled and
assembly line workers into small tasks and then telling
them exactly what to do while watching them closely
Skills for Global Business
Mr. Baillie (from South Africa), now chief human resources officer at
Unilever, responded to internal and external skepticism when he
went to work at the Mumbai office of Hindustan Lever, by working
incredibly hard
o The people saw that coming from another emerging market,
he knew a lot about the challenges the country faced
Some western companies are responding to the rise of emerging
markets by hiring local managers in these regions
o Companies from emerging markets tend to think that what
got them there will also get them further
o They often don‟t adapt to their host country, which is a
mistake when working in a different culture, „copy-paste‟
seldom works
o Vale, the Brazilian mining company, bought Canada‟s Inco
The Canadian workers went on strike in 2009 after
disagreements with the management style of the
Brazilians
o When there is a good fit managers from emerging markets
can often be more successful than their western counterparts
Many emerging markets have cultures which are more similar than
different in terms of management practices like Brazil, Russia and
China
o Since emerging countries have similar social drivers,
managers from other emerging countries will find it easier to
understand the expectations of the emerging-market target
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Bosses are reining in staff because they can and. Bosses are reining in staff because they can. The lesson to draw from ms. mayer s whip-cracking, in silicon. That has undermined employees bargaining power, enabling managers to impose greater demands on their shrinking workforces. Has worked well in the past few decades, but a combination of new technology and a shift in the balance of managerial power is bringing back taylorism. Technology is enabling the kind of surveillance of which. Taylor could only have dreamt: theory x the opposite approach assumes that workers need to be tightly managed and supervised because they are inherently slackers. Goes back to the scientific management notions of. Frederick taylor, a mechanical engineer (1911) who advocated breaking down the work of unskilled and assembly line workers into small tasks and then telling them exactly what to do while watching them closely. Mr. baillie (from south africa), now chief human resources officer at.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes