American South: Information on Final Exam and Lecture on Southern Politics
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So here's the info for the final exam:
Notes: Nov. 30th - April 7th
Books: Humphreys, McMillen, Stevenson, and Daniels
Part A: 2 essay question choices; choose one
Part B: 2 essay question choices; choose one
**Don't discount these questions as just sample questions, he said that he may
be lazy and actually put one on**
1. Discuss 3 aspects of Southern life out of the list: Lit., Confederate Flag,
Music, Atlanta, Disease, Food, Women. How do the 3 define the south as a
region or even as an ethnic group.
2. Discuss the responses of segragationists and how they reacted. What political
and social groups emerged to challenge the early civil rights movement.
What forms did it take in Little Rock and what action if any did southern
3. Discuss the historical symbolism of the use of the confederate flag. what
images/issues emerge from the debate? What does it say about the white south
in the sunbelt?
4. What are the themes in southern literature. Examine those themes and then in
distinct southern tone focus on O'Connor and Faulkner.
5. What is the impact of military defeat?
6. Examine the modern urban south choose 3: Miami, Atlanta, New Orleans,
Memphis, Savannah, Charleston. What aspects of the modern south do the
7. Early Civil Rights 1950-60. What role did the Federal government play?
How did southerners respond?
Finally, attached is the note from April 7th, it's very short
Southern Political Culture
1) Colonial Era
- Power base = courthouse, plantation owners
- Pattern to local area –> States rights
- Ideal of deference politics took a long time to take hold
2) One Party Region
- Jeffersonian Republicans
- Jacksonian Democrats (aka Democrats)
- Redemption took place under Republicans
- Often not a Republican nominee –>primary very important because of this
- The Democratic party then changes –>switched from Rep. to Dem.
- Democrats no longer the party of the south –>Rep. is closer
- This leads to longevity in office –>seniority system
3) Seniority System
- New blood in the Rep. Party = no seniority
- southern power base = senate
- FDR and JFK –> dealt with civil rights poorly
- One party system problem –> got to appease senators of the same party
4) Third Party
- Third party candidates:
1. Dixiecrat (Strom Thurman)
2. American Independent Party (George Wallace)
- Democrats beginning to desert them
- 1st reaction to the Civil Rights issue
- Run on primary issue –> states rights
- Once election in congress makes the south more powerful
- American Independence Party ‘68
-preaching stuff in the North
- working class blue collar workers –> 14% of the national vote
5) Conservatism (Libertarian)
- Big government = bad
- strong radicalism can lead to violence
- A southern, since the Civil War, has no chance of winning the presidency
- the VP is usually a southerner –> one bullet away from being president (i.e.
Lincoln and JFK)
7) Race Card
- Since progressive era a southern politician who wanted to win had to play this
- Question emerges: Do you lead or follow?
8) Relationship between Modern South and Modern Republican Party
- south strategy
- irony: blacks now vote Dem and for the most part white southerners now vote
- Rep. Party now represents the mainstream view of most white southerners
- Rep. part now dominates the south
- Now, piety and down home values –> family emphasis
- The nation is run over by the south
- 90's, south did not change
- South didn’t become northernized but the rest of the nation became southernized
1. Economic expansion of the south –>huge political clout
2. Evolution of race –> race is a national issue (i.e. worse bus issues were in Boston)
3. Distrust of government
4. Ability to move to the Rep. party
- Ultimately south has won the Civil War