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Study Guide

History 2195A/B Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Virus, Smallpox, Public Health


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2195A/B
Professor
Jarvis
Study Guide
Final

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History 2195A/B

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Lecture 1 Introduction and Terminology
Epidemic
- Used for everything ex. obesity, violence
- became genetic
- a number of cases of a disease that can be passed on from person to person which can be
charted at a specific time
- no set number that can be consider a epidemic (spike in a chart is consider a epidemic
- becomes a social issue - consequences from using the word
Pandemic
- a big epidemic that affects a large part of the world or the whole world
- no set number to be consider a pandemic
- Spanish influenza
“Outbreak
- small area that is affected
- ex. breaks out in a college or factory , neighbourhood
- usually contained
- wording is everything- fear and panic
- public health service get a lot of pressure to not use the word epidemic
- outbreak is better than epidemic
Endemic
- not an epidemic
- just a few cases of something but no spike
- non infectious ex. cancer
Virulent
- particular bad disease
- high death rates, horrible , rapid and nasty disease
- “Plaguesame as pestilence and epidemic
- a specific disease , rude word to call it
- “black death” ex.
- “Pestilence- same meaning as plague and epidemic
- medieval word
- meaning word epidemic = can mean multiple diseases or just one- usually just one
Mortality
- a number of deaths in a entire population
- a number of people that got sick and died from that disease
Morbidity
- the number of people that got sick but did not die from an entire population
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Transmission of Epid Disease
- By Walter
o did not know that before (cholera)
o drinking water that is infected
- By Vectors
o creatures that carry diseases from one person to another
o insects ex. mosquitos, ticks, flees
- By air /Contact
o breathing it in or droplets (spitting or sneezing)
o touching someone or something that someone has touched that is infected
o smallbox contact
o studs (aids)
Pathogen
- the micro that creates the disease to kill
- pathology
Etiology
- name for cause
- the originally cause of the disease
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