History 2301E Study Guide - Final Guide: Plessey, Desegregation, Montgomery Bus Boycott

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21 Apr 2012
Department
American History Exam Review: Gender and Race Issues
Women/Gender Relations
Suffragist Movement
o Want the vote increasing strength after the Civil War and
Reconstruction when African American are given the vote
o Given the vote in 1920
Beecher Sisters
o Against the Suffragist movement
o Women’s role was a domestic one
o American Woman’s Home
o Should influence society as mothers and teachers
o Believed women need more education
Feminism collapses 1920-1940s
Second Wave Feminism, 1960s
o Rose out of Kennedy’s commission on women
o Want more women working, more power in the workplace, etc.
o Birth control and abortion become an issue
o Feminine Mystique
Race
Jim Crow Laws & Black Codes
o Jim Crow Laws: mandated racial segregation in all public facilities in
Southern states
North does little to stop it
Plessey vs. Ferguson
o “Separate but equal”
o Local governments and people enforce segregation, not the federal
government
Black Activism
o Booker T. Washington
Leader of the early Civil Rights movement
Wanted African Americans to gain civil rights gradually
Make themselves important to society so that they will have to
be given equal rights, essentialism
o W.E.B. DuBois
Interesting in preserving the African American identity
Promoted more resistance, wanted activists to be more active
and vocal
o NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Goal: To ensure the political, educational, social, and economic
equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred
and racial discrimination
o Harlem Renaissance
Cultural movement in New York
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