Study Guides (400,000)
CA (150,000)
Western (10,000)
HIS (400)
Study Guide

[History 2403E] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 143 pages long Study Guide!


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2403E
Professor
Jeffrey Temple
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 143 pages of the document.
Western
History 2403E
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

History 2403E:England/Europe
Lecture 1 12/7/2015 4:35:00 AM
Europe c.1500: An overview & concepts of space
Early Modern Europe c. 1500
breakdown of medieval world
results in the birth of the modern world
It was a world that was geographically closed, inwardly focused,
Europeans had little knowledge of world in global level/ wider world
Columbus discovered west indies in 1492 (thinks he is going to India but
instead hit south America)
Europeans were focused on local and regions problems, they did not focus
on the issues/ people surrounding them
vast majority of people did not often travel very far
European Landscape around 1500:
Germany doesn’t exist yet (instead it is the Holy Roman Empire)
a unified Italy doesn’t exist (unified in 1878)
Spain doesn’t exist yet (number of independent regions instead)
Russia doesn’t exist yet (unified in 1871)
borders are more concepts, regionally fragmented (not actually
separated)
focused on their own backyards rather than the big picture (“INWARDLY
FOCUSED”)
Holy Roman Empire c.1512
300 independent principalities fall under one umbrella
religion brought people together
Religiously Homogeneous: Christianity (mostly all are roman catholic but
there pockets of other religions, i.e. Jewish, Muslims)
(PEOPLES FAITH MATTERS!) <dominant concern is to make it through this
life and to the next in a safe manner>
Society: Hierarchal structured and static (bloodlines play a huge part/
family tree determines where you are placed) <can only move up the
hierarchy so much>
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Concepts of space: the Ptolemaic Universe
- Ptolemy (c.90- c. 168)
was a roman geographer (he was Greek himself)
passed down vision of the universe that is best understood as a
series of sphere
vision of universe was based on Aristotle thoughts
heavy things fall an light things rise
center of universe is the earth (preserve of base elements of the
earth: earth, air, fire, water) and said that there are consequences of this:
elemental world is one of change/ everything is in flux
this is a world where things move in lines (linear movement)
passes this to the romans and to the middle west
- Aristotle
interested in physics
“heavy things fall” and “ light things rise”
used fire analogy (light fire and the flames rise up from the log
and the smoke is lighter than the flames so it rises even higher)
-"crystalline spheres"
concepts that help think of universe (English)
took idea that heavy things fall and light things rise, used this to explain
heaven: things in heavens were made of a mysterious fifth element (Aether)
- Aether
Ptolemy decided that there was a 5th element
mysterious fifth element that makes up heaven
is perfect and changeless and spiritual
everything is heaven is made of this element
everything in heaven moves spherical motion
beyond Ptolemaic universe is realm of God
If universe is made up of a hierarchy that goes from perfect godly and goes
down to less perfection, it forces people to create hierarchies for all aspects
of life!
Great Chain of Being
GOD
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version