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Final

History 2403E Study Guide - Final Guide: Gallicanism, Jansenism, Libertine


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2403E
Professor
Jeffrey Temple
Study Guide
Final

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European History Potential Terms
Edict of Nantes 1598
oFormal guarantee of toleration to the Huguenots, while Catholicism still official
religion
Holy Roman Empire
oAnti-Spainish feelings
oInternal interest of German princes
oGrowing religious tension – Calvinist left out at Augsburg
o1559 Conversion of Elector Palatine
oAfter 1559 Heidelberg = German Geneva
oInternal Lutheran dissentions
oGnesio-Lutherans = Hard liners
o1577 Formula of Concord
oPhilippists = ready to compromise
o1580 Book of Concord
1608 Protestant Union
1609 Catholic League
Just War Theory
oCicero; St Augustine; St. Thomas Aquinas
oJust cause/ last resort (in 16th-17th century would include versus infidels, to defend
church, to right wrongs, to avenge attacks)
oProper authority
oRight intention

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oReasonable probability of success
oEnd proportional to means \
Trace Italienne
Thirty Years’ War 1618-1648
oRoots: 1500 on tension between interests of Hapsburgs and of germans
oEarly 16th century failure to reform tax system
oReformation led to furth divisions
oSlow build up of problems, leading to”
1608 Protestant Union
1609 Catholic League
o4 phases: Bohemian, Danish, Swedish, and French
Bohemian Phase 1618-20
Religious tension
1618 Defenestration of Prague
1618 Ferdinand HRE
Frederick = king
1620 Battle of White Mountain
1619Fredrick V, Elector Palatine became king of Bohemia
Danish Phase 1625-1629
Christian IV of Denmark
1625-1626 Tilly and Wallenstein in North Germany
Mansfeld offered army to Danes, but defeated at Dessau
2nd defeat at Lutter
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1629 Peace of Lubeck
1629 Edict of Restitution
oChurch property of 1552 to return to original owners
1630 Diet of Regensburg
oRichelieu began intervention
oWallenstein persuaded to retire
Swedish Phase 1630-35
Gustavus Adolphus
1631 alliance with Richelieu
Treaty of Fontainebleu
Tilly’s sack of Magdeburg
Battle of Breitenfeld
1632 Gustavus in Bavaria
1632 Death at Lutzen, defeat of Walenstein
French Phase 1635-1643
1635 Richelieu declared war on Spain
Marauding troops everywhere
1642 Death of Richelieu; English Civil War
1643 Battle of Rocroi
Desire for peace
War too expensive
Peace Ngotiations
2 year effort
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