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History 2403E Study Guide - Final Guide: French Ironclad Gloire, Duke Of Luynes, Gabriel Nicolas De La Reynie

Course Code
HIS 2403E
Jeffrey Temple
Study Guide

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Leaders in European History
Henry IV 1589-1610 –France
oFlexiable and determined man who inspired personal support
oBecame a symbol of order
oEdict of Nates 1598
Ended the civil war in France
Henry now able to intervene in support of Protestants externally
Catholics did not like this
oLed to 44 attempts at assassination
1610 Ravaillac succeeded
oFrance in debt
oRoyal authority weak
oEconomy ruined by war
oInefficient food supply led to rioting
Duc de Sully
oOld Calvinist friend
oWorked to restore finances
oCreated efficient tax system which quickly doubled revenues
o1600-1610 average annual revenue 26 million livres
oCreation of better administration; sale offices created noblesse de robe
o1600 budget balanced
Bernard de Laffemas

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o1601 Controller-General of Commerce; head of Commission of Commerce,
working with Sully to build manufactures
oMercantilist, trying to make France self-sufficient with surplus to export
oColonial expansion
oCanal building (Canal de Briare)
Louis XIII 1610-43
oReplaced Henry IV as King of France
oMarie de Medici was his regent
oConcino Concini was his chief minister who was an unpopular Italian with no
administrative experience who was hated by the aristocracy who tried to regain
o1614 he was declared of age
o1615 married Anne of Austria
o1617 Louis took power, assassinating Concini
Duc de Luynes becomes his new chief minister
Cardinal Richelieu
o1620 their was a brief civil war; Armand Jean du Plessis, Bishop of Lucon acted
as mediator in the affair
o1622 he became Cardinal Richelieu
o1624 he became Chief minister at head of royal council
oRestoration of royal authority
Reduce Huguenot power

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Reduced power of nobles; prohibition of duels; execution of nobles;
banishment of Gaston d’Orleans and Marie de Medici
Reduced power of Hapsburgs; 1635 entered Thirty Years’ War on
Protestant side
Increased influence of France
1629 Navy
1928 Company of New France
Centralise state: royal council then departments
Indendants in provinces
Reduced power of parlements
1641 Lit de Justice with edict limiting parlements right to deal with
administration or finance
Emperor Ferdinand I 1556-1564
oHis religious policy
After Augsburg De facto toleration for protestant nobles; they could hold
He wanted Council of Trent to allow:
Communion in both kinds
Clerical marriage
Review of ecclesiastical wealth and property. Return some land to
donors, reform church financially
Maximilian II
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