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Western University
History 1401E

EventDatesDescriptionKey PeopleKey TermsEnlightenment1715The Enlightenment was a period where Hobbes Enlightened1800European intellectuals rejected tradition and LockeAbsolutismembraced science and reason Their ideas RousseauGlorious threatened the established orderRevolutionand widened the gap between religion and Individualismaccepted scholarly knowledge The philosophes Social Contractalso set the stage for a series of revolutions that engulfed North America and Europe and formed the intellectual foundation of modern Western societyFrench 1789October Days helped to secure theLouis XVIBourgeoisie Revolution1799Revolution National Assembly now National Third Estateconcentrated on creating a constitution King AssemblyTennis Court and the National Assembly now more exposed Oathto organized pressure from below It also demonstrated that popular violence could have major political effectsReign of Terror1793Robespierre feared a counter revolution Terror RobespierreGuillotine 1794becomes an official method used by the SanCoulletsgovernment and a portable guillotine is used to Committee for stop revolutionaries traitorsCitizens become public safetytired of revolution and look for someone to provide stabilityNapoleon Political French Revolution marked a significant break Abbe SieyesNapoleonic CodeCareer with the pastNapoleonNationalism1799Transformed the meaning of political change 1815 Good intentions were not enough on their own where to transform humanity Napoleonshe is contradictory legacySubverted key elements finally the revolutionAlso preserved and exported its exiledideals Lasting imagesPopular revolutionCharismatic leaderCongress of 1814conference of the European powers in which they decided how to repartition Europe Vienna 1815after defeating Napoleon The Congress was one of the most massive and significant treaties ever and it created a Europe wherein the balance of power prevented a Europewide war for a hundred years Settled the Napoleonic Wars and shaped much of the 19th CenturyFirst attempt to solve international problems through conferences rather than warfareNo general European war from 18151914Not well regarded in the 19th centuryLiberalism1800sLiberalism affirmed all the basic beliefs of the Enlightenment such as individual rights constitutional government and poplar sovereignty It appealed to the rising middle class who were prospering from commerce and industry and who wanted political power along with their growing wealth and confidence Liberals had faith that history was on their side that liberalism like progress was inevitable and that the forces they opposed were those of the past That optimism gave them strength to fight against the forces of reaction and conservative tradition and rally to protect their gainsIndustrial 1780The Industrial Revolution literally changed all aspects of CapitalismRevolution1850 European life It altered the ways in which people worked what Laissez Fairethey could buy how they lived their lives where they lived their Liberalismlives and where they stood on the social ladder The growing Socialismtendency of the middle and working classes to view themselves
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