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Northernstates2403.docx

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Department
History
Course
History 2403E
Professor
Anne Skoczylas
Semester
Winter

Description
Italy/Netherlands/Ireland Poland/Lithuania/Sweden/Russia (Northern States) 948:Brandenburg founded 1494-1559: Italy in constant war 1520: Christian II of Denmark and invasion of Sweden, Vasa quarreled with archbishop Trolle of Upsala, Stockholm blood bath, vasa elected regent in the reaction of this 1523: Vasa is king of Sweden 1524: Treaty of Malmo 1527: Found Swedish navy 1533: Ivan IV the terrible reign until 1584 1549: Zemskii Sobor=assembly of the land 1550: Sweden expanded into Finland, Ivan IV implemented a new law code 1553: Richard Chancellor of Sweden Reached Moscow for trade 1565-1609: Netherlands 44 years of war, Russia company for commerce with the new area, Ferdinand I King of HRE until 1558: Livonian War 1559: Conversion of elector palatine 1560-68: Erik XIV, 1560—st. bastilles cathedral under Ivan IV 1564: Maxamillion 1565-72: Division into Oprichnia 1570: sack of Novgorod 1567-1625: Prince Maurice of Nassau-Orange, Rudolph II 1579-1607: Ireland has 28 years of war 1578: great milk war as a danger signal (a Christian festival celebrating transubstantiation attended by Rudolph II and panics when the milk cans were knocked over) 1580: Book of concord (Lutheran book) 1581: Death of Ivan IV’s heir (drowned in a lake, dropped by accident), goes to Michael Romanov a nephew of Ivan’s wife 1594: Continuous Volley Maurice of Nassau for the Netherlands 1597: revolt over promotion of Catholicism 1602: EIC, VOC to take spice trade from Portugal 1605: Revolt in Hungary 1608: Protestant Union 1609: Bank ofAmsterdam, Bohemia: letter of majesty and freedom of conscience but a control of religion, Catholic League, War averted by death of Henry IV 1610: Remonstrance in favor ofArminionism 1611:Amsterdam stock exchange , Matthias Forced Rudolph to abandon power 1612: Matthias 1613: Michael Romanov as tsar in Russia, Beginning of the Romanov’s 1614: Counter remonstrance by gomarists against it, estates forbade further discussion 1618: Maurice had Van Oldebarneveld arrested, Prussia is declared 1619: Execution of Van Olden…, wealth from slave trade, Ferdinand II and the end of the effort, George Wilhelm (poor state, religious division, war but Sweden is neutral) 1621: West India Company attacks Brazil, restoration of Catholicism and pastors expelled 1625-47: Frederick Henry of Nassau Orange Stadtholder (fought in 30 yr war, died before treaty son William of orange) 1627: Catholic constitution 1629: edict of restitution 1630: Clear that arminians back in power 1635: Johann Jochim Becher 1638: Wilhlem fled to Prussia 1640: Philip von horngik (Austria over all others can come out on top if it shows the will) 1641: Prussian armistice with Sweden giving up West Pomerania, armistice with Sweden and BP 1647: William of Orange Stadtholder (until 1650) died of smallpox 1648: Gained east Pomerania, Duke of Bavaria added to Golden Bull 1649: Ulozhenie: codification of laws by zemski sobor 1650-1700: leading slave trading state 1651: stamp tax which is resented BP 1652: Diet: list of grievances BP 1653: Dominant anti orange leader in power, period of Anglo Dutch rivalry and naval war, rise in strength of Louis XIV=danger, BP recess, agreement btwn elector and nobility in estates to confirm privileges in return for funds for 6 years 1654-60-97: Charles X of Sweden 1655: Land taken back from nobles in Sweden, Great Northern War 1657: Charles X invaded Denmark gaining land for Sweden 1660-70: Regency under Charles X 1664:Advance of Turks intoAustria, peace, Vasvar 20 year truce 1672: Crisis, William III 1675: battle of Fehrbellin (defeat of swedes, great electors) 1677: Mary cousin Mary 1678: Peace with France 1680: Riksdag voted for return of crown lands in Sweden, order of precedence 1681: grant of privileges 1683: Turkish advance on Vienna (siege on Vienna) and victory under Jan sobieski 1685: Doubt remained after revocation of edict of Nantes 1686:Austria takes Budapest 1688: they take Belgrade 1691: takes Trans
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