Main concepts Pt 1.docx

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Main concepts Health Sci Pt 1 Definition Of Health -a complete state of physical social and mental well-being -no longer defined as an absence of disease or infirmity -a positive concept emphasizing social personal and physical resources Definition of Wellness -an expanded idea to health -the ability to live fully with meaning -determined by the decisions you make in your life -includes 7 interrelated dimensions Dimensions of Wellness Physical- Healthy eating, exercise, regular check ups -influences our quality of life, mental health and lifespan directly Interpersonal/Social- being effective at communicating, having the capactiy for intamacy, having a support network -helps to join in groups or communities (clubs) Intellectual- Openness to idaes, capacity to think critically and learn. -ability to process new ideas, and learn to create Occupational - personal satisfaction in ones career -having a good work life balance Emotional- optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-control and ability to share feelings. Environmental- connects the health of oneself to the health of the planet. Enter an area with no distractions of envirnmental hazards. Spiritual Wellness- having a set of guiding beliefs. Capacity to love and forgive. Open- mindedness Infectious vs Chronic Diseases Infectious- spreads form one person to another. (aids, flu, SARS, tuberculosis) Chronic- develops and becomes worse over time. Can often be attributed to lifestyle factors. Change in Life Expectancy Previously 59 in males and 61 in females -common health threats were infectious diseases -lack of clean water, crowding and unsanitary food preparation were the cause -trade spread diseases -source was discovered (bacteria) public health became important -vaccines and antibiotics were created lowered rates of morbidity and mortality -morbidity= sickness, mortality= death Now- 79 in males and 83 in females. 81 average -common health threats now Chronic diseases -mainly caused by lifestyle (smoking) -In Canada BC is healthiest, Newfoundland is least healthy -increased life expectancy due to increased levels of employment, education and immigration -health immigrant effect Pan-Canadian Healthy Living Strategy -goal is to lower chronic diseases by looking a risk factors and societal contributions that affect them -population health approach -looks at personal behaviour, social, economic and environmental influences on lifestyle choices -emphasizes healthy eating, physical activity and healthy weights Obtaining Wellness -make a goal (keep realism and moderation in mind) -small goals work to larger ones -don't procrastinate ( Sittin on the couch..doing nothing..Call Everest now) Step 1- Examine current health behaviours. (Im lazy) Step 2- Choose a target behaviour ( i dont wanna be lazy) Step 3- obtain accurate information (how do i stop being so lazy?) Step 4- Find outside help (i should get a life coach) Behaviour change is hard -you must know that your behaviour causes a problem (being lazy makes you unhealthy) -accept that this will negatively impact them specifically (being lazy will make me unhealthy) -understand the risk of this problem can be lowered (i can be less unhealthy by not being lazy) -believe the benefits of behaviour change will outweight the negatives (ya ill have less time for video games, but i also wont die 20 years early) -feel that people in your life support your efforts to quit (shea would really support me) -If one of these steps in not shown, the decrease in quitting is raised substantially So how can i change -look at the pros and cons -increase self efficacy -develop an internal locus of control (blame yourself not others) -use visualization and self talk (you can do it, think of how good, your gonna look) -find role models -learn how to overcome the barriers involved in change Psychological Health What isn't it -it is not 'being normal/average' -diversity in psychological health is valuable -not determined by symptoms or the way people look alone. What is it -it encompasses the mental, emotional, social and spiritual dimensions of health -it can be defined as the absence of mental illness or the presence of wellness -the fulfillment of human potential as defined by Maslow Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs -describes an ideal mental health -looks at individuals who had full lives like Einstein -defines what needs have to be fulfilled and in what order. - Physiological > Safety > Love/Belonging > Esteem > Self Actualization -When your urgent needs are satisfied you can focus on your less urgent needs Self Actualized Individuals Have Realism- being realistic, understanding what you can control (not worrying about what you cant) Acceptance- being able to accept yourself and others Autonomy- able to self direct , independence, self efficacy, internal locus of control Capacity for intamacy- physical and emotional intamacy Creativity- openness to new experiences/ not being afraid of unknown -understand that the past is the past -need to concentrate on current goals Psychological Healthy Individuals... -feel confortable with themselves/ are not overcome by emotions -Interact well with others (able to recieve love) -can meet demands of life (accept responsibilities) -have a balanced life - have resilience (the ability to bounce back) Self Esteem -important for wellness -increased SE helps counteract destructive behaviours -you are responsible for your own self esteem Hardiness -linked with self-esteem -shows a high level of commitment - a sense of control -welcomes chall
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