Health Science Notes EXAM REVIEw

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Jessica Polzer

Health Science NotesMidtermFinal Exam Class 14 Exploring the links between racismhealth What kinds of social inequalities or hierarchies influence health statusSES Social economic statusGender o Traditionally and generally makes have greater access to power and resources than femaleso Example work required to do subsistence forming and to raise children is defined as unproductive labour o gender paradox men die quicker but women are sickerMarilyn Waring female work is seen as unproductive and is not included in the macroeconomyHow much time each gender actually works and how they use their timeWomen tend to multitask RECAP of FILM The difference between usCentral message Race is a social constructionNot biologically based biology neglects to see the differencesRace categorizes people sociallyUsed as a tool to explain differences between groupsThey become naturalizedexit is natural that African Americans are better athletes or boys will be boys o Naturalization makes it seem like everyone has a role in the world and if you dont go by the traditional values you are an outcast Health Immigrant Effect immigrants initially have better health but the longer they live in the US the worse their wealth becomes Racial Inequalities in HealthHealth outcomes also vary by ethnicity or raceMost studied is between African AmericansWhite CaucasianEuropean peopleAfrican men die 51 x as likely to die sooner than white men in the US and African women are 43 x as likely to die sooner than white womenPeople in Harlem are less likely to live over the age of 65 than those in Bangladesh The Intersection of race and class as determinants of healthRace and class intersect to produce particular health outcomesHealth difference bw ethnic groups often persist even after socioeconomic factors are taken into accountChanges overtime racial gradient o African Americans do more poorly than their white counterpart at a population POVWhich is more important race or class o Race is a more fundamental determinant than class even after SES is taken into account 1Intersectionality examines how gender racesocioeconomic inequality class intersect to produce particular kinds of health inequitiesRace ClassInfant MortalityTrend African Americans who have the same education as everyone else or more STILL have higher infant mortality rates USUALLY as education level increases infant mortality decreases Race a socialpolitical construct that is used to distinguish between different groups of people and rank them on the basis of their physical characteristics ex skin colour An enduring social category that captures differential access to differential acts and power in society It is not either race or class it is how the socioeconomic class and race intersect How does being economically disadvantaged affect racism And how does it affect health being economically disadvantaged doesnt affect racism it just ADDS on it affects health because you are doubly stressedBiologyRaceNO biological basisGenetic observations cannot account for the systematic differences between racial groups Genetic variation does not correspond to differences in what we have come to understand as racethe difference between usTHERE ARE NO traits not a single gene that are found in all members of one population yet absent in others Race A political construct The construction of the idea of race is influenced by Politics and economics Before slavery it was religion which distinguished people Christian people were the superior ones 2
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