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Health Sciences 1002A/B- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 100 pages long!)


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HS 1002A/B
Professor
Jessica Polzer
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Health Science Lecture 1 Introduction to the Social Determinants of Health
Top 10 List (Picard)
- Smoking
- Balanced diet
- Physically active
- Limit stress
- Moderate alcohol
- Limit sun exposure
Lifestyle as a Determinant of Health
- Lifestyle explanations of health are dominant in North American, Western societies
- Although, research as consistently shown that social factors are better predictors of
health than individual behaviours or lifestyles
Ideology of Individualism
- Lifestyle explanations rooted in ideology of individualism
- Ideology a set of beliefs
- Individuals can be rational decision makers
- Social factors are better predictors of health than individual behaviours or lifestyles at
the group/population level of analysis
- Education and knowledge is not enough
- Health and ill health are not distributed randomly, but very according to economic and
other social factors
Trends within Canada
- Ifat ortality rates i Caada hae delied sie the 93s
- But there are big regional differences (e.g. IM among First Nations peoples)
Alternative Top 10 List
- Dot e poor
- Pick your parents well
- Graduate from high school, or university
- Dot ork at lo paid or stressful jos
- Dot e ueployed
- Learn to control stress
- Live in a place where you have a sense of belonging
- Be able to afford a holiday
- Dot lie ear a pollutig fatory
- Learn to make friends and keep them
A Matter of Perspetie …
- Perspective:
Mental outlook
Way of seeing
Depends on position of viewer (point of view)
Depends on the relationship between viewer and what is being viewed
- The two top-10 lists are competing perspectives/ways of seeing
The Questio of Bias
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- All perspectives have limits and boundaries
- The prole of truth
- The conflation of science with objectivity, and objectivity with truth
Social Perspectives on Health
- Root causes of illness and suffering are in social arrangements and inequalities
- Informed by sociological ways of thinking or a sociological imagination
- Sociological ways of thinking recognize:
Inadequacy of individualist explanations (of health)
Dynamic relationship between individuals (and their behaviours) and social
systems
Link between personal troubles and public issues
Individuals and Social Systems
- We are always participating in something larger than ourselves
- We need to understand what we are participating in
Social Perspective on Health
- Focuses on
Social systems and social conditions
Health of groups and populations
Relationships between macro-level social structures and micro-level experiences
of health
- Does not take path of least resistance
- Challeges us to hek our oeptual aggage regardig health i order to etertai
new ideas, develop new perspectives and create new paths of injury
Seeing and Knowing
- How do we know what we know?
- What do we see? What do we know?
- What can we see? What have we become conditioned to see? And what has been
obscured from this point of view?
- What do we know? What have we become conditioned to know? And what other ways
of knowing have been obscured?
Social Perspective on Health
- Root causes of illness and suffering are in social arrangements and inequalities
- In order to understand current trends in health, both in Canada and internationally, we
need to know about more than biology or genetics, and more than individual behaviors
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