Lecture One.docx

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 2000A/B
Professor
Leichelle Little
Semester
Winter

Description
Daniel Steinberg Lecture 1 Complete Obsession (Documentary) • Apotemnophilia: An attraction to the idea of being an amputee o They do not want a limb o Not to be confused with Acrotophelia  Sexual attraction to being an amputee • Xenomelia, “the oppressive feeling that one or more limbs of one’s body do not  belong to one’s self” • Large number of people interested: One discussion group has 1,400 subscribers WHO Model • Created in 1948 by the member states of the United Nations • Fundamental objective of “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible  level of health” • Challenged political, academic, community, and professional organizations  devoted to improving or preserving health to be accountable for their work o Made people responsible for what they were doing  o Why are you giving resources to individuals • Definition o State of complete, physical, mental and social well­being (not well  defined or well measured) and not merely the absence of disease or  infirmity • Prevention o Preventive care is widely practiced, with routine physicals and  vaccinations • Research o Used in important health studies­more emphasis on the connection  between physical and mental health  Used when doing surveys on individuals Social Health • Individuals as social beings whose health is affected by social behaviour and  interaction • Alameda County study: First study to look at nature and extent of social networks  (marriage, close friends, relatives) o Found that social networks have broad health consequences  • Collective­ Social networks  • Individual­ Social participation in activities and interpersonal interactions Is introversion unhealthy? • It could be the strength of the connections o I have 550 friends on FB but I have true friends • How do the studies measure the quality of connections? Benefits Limitations • A some what comprehensive  • Social factors: independent  definition of health dimension of health?  • Developed more practical norms for  • No consensus on the meaning of  mental and social health  well­being in the definition • Criticized by some as too abstract:  has a goal more than a guideline for  concrete action • Difficult to measure health in a  sense that would satisfy usual  scientific criteria Medical Model  (Doesn’t discuss prevention) • Definition o Absence of disease or disability • Treatment o The body as a machine, to be fixed when broken: restore balance • Research o Medical research currently centered around the medical model (although  the newer definitions of health are exerting an influence) Benefits Limitations • Highly productive in the  • De­emphasizes prevention advancement of the medical  • Difficulty of adapting it to  sciences and health  emotional and psychiatric disorders • Objectivist view: easily measured • Disease is more than biological, as  social and economic factors must be  taken into account Environmental Model • Definition o Dynamic equilib
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