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Introduction to Psycho - TEST 1 and Test 2.docx

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Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 1080A/B
Professor
Matthew Heath
Semester
Winter

Description
Introduction to PsychoMotor LearningTopic 1 What is PsychoMotor Learning Plasticity the ability to learn and acquire new skills new neuron connection forming Extrafusal muscle fibers cause contraction power moving muscle fibers power contractionsituated outside a striated muscle spindleIntrafusal muscle fibers propo sense design to detect stretch stretch information tells the central nervous system where the limb is with respect to the body the striated muscle fiber within a muscle spindleMotor Learning and Control DefinedLearning benefit VS performanceLearning benefit you can remember 24 hours later something your mind remember not something that you can just doMotor Learning a set of internal processes associated with practical experience leading to a relatively permanent gain in performance capabilityMotor Control an area of study dealing with understanding of the neural physical behavioral and cognitive aspects of movemento How does the brain develop a motor program o How does that program affect intrafusal fibers Historical Development of Motor Learning ControlMother disciplines 4 Psychologylargest contribution Neuroscience Engineering and EducationLeads to Motor LearningControl1 PsychologyPerception cognition and actionThe ability for somatic info is different in CNS then the cognitive in the CNSShiffrinShort term memory Memory modelo Interested in cognitive movements o Memory model process one piece of information or stimulus at one time 1 The brain as a computer the serial nature of information processing 2 Memory for different tasks motor tasks versus cognitive tasks a Somatic numerical facts 2 Engineering Human Engineering 1 Arthur Melton created a battery of simple test that individuals perform to test there ability to successfully fly a planePilots can be selected based on specific individual abilities 2 Paul Fitts Fore father of the field of ergonomics Too many airplane accidents were occurs as a result of faulty humanmachine interfacehow we process information influences are information with machine and computer compatibility 3 Neuroscience Reciprocal InnervationFirst understood by CS Shemington Suppresses activity of an antagonist muscle when protagonist is active Explains phenomenon such as walking and reachingFinal common path at the spinal cord produce muscular contraction Co Contraction limb locks into place both protagonist and antagonist contract at the same time4 Physical Education EducationFranklin M HenryExamined whole body movements and developed experimental approaches to understand how we learn to produce complex movements Gross body movementsHow we learn and produce complex movements
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