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Full year sport psych notes .docx

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Kinesiology 1080A/B
Bob Larose

Objectives -consider how psychological factors affect an individuals physical performance in sport and exercise -consider how participation in sport and exercise effects an individuals psychological developments, health and well-being Comprehensive Objectives (Carron, 1980) To obtain an understanding (through description, explanation, and prediction) of the behaviour and performance of individuals or groups in sport and exercise Behaviour: a unique way or responding to ALL stimuli Performance: goal-directed behaviour for the purpose of short term execution of a discrete task Orientations to sport and exercise psychology (1)Behavioural: behaviour of athletes determined by the environment (2)Psychophysiological: study impact of physiological responses to activity on behaviour (3)Cognitive-behavioural: behaviour determined by ones interpretation of both environment and cognitions (thoughts) >self-talk Professional Approaches -clinical counselling: eating disorders -crisis intervention: stumpbusting -psychological assessment -performance enhancement -consultation and program development -prevention and treatment of injuries Sport psychologist has medical degree Sport consultant- does not have medical degree, can help enhance performance but cannot help with certain things such as eating disorders Sport psychology what is it? - If we want to understand human behaviour and performance in sport and exercise, how do we go about studying them and what factors should be included in the study? How do we learn? - Visual - Auditory - Expenetial (experience, doing) Example 1: Kolbs Learning Cycle (1)Concrete experience (cb) actual, feeling (2)Reflective observation (ro) watching what happened, reflect (3)Abstract conceptualization (ac) make sense of, thinking (4)Active experimentation (ae) try out elsewhere, doing, apply it Methods/ ways of knowing Scientific method/experiments Systematic observation Single case study Shared public experience Introspection (thoughts/feelings) Intuition (tacit knowledge) Ways of knowing in sport psychology -any systematic study of sport psych should include the following stages: 1 Observation and description (what is) Identify or define the essential characteristics 2 Explanation and analysis (why?) Attempt to provide reason for the findings in stage 1 3 Prediction (what will be) Use the knowledge obtained to predict future occurrences 4 control (how can we?) What can we control to change the behaviour or performance? Scientific method Founded on the concept of objectivity (lack of bias researchers are detached observers and manipulators of nature) It is a process or method of learning that uses systematic, controlled, empirical and critical filtering of knowledge acquired through experience Six steps of the scientific method 1 formulation of a specific hypothesis 2 design of the investigation 3 accumulation of data 4 classification of data 5 development of generalizations 6 verification of results Theses steps provide scientists with a way of collecting reliable and valid data that can then be used to develop generalizable theories and laws of human behaviour. However this is a slow and conservative process that often lacks external validity (practicality) Professional practice knowledge Holistic and experiential Guided trial and error learning reflecting the complex interplay of many factors It is often innovative and immediately applicable but less reliable and susceptible to bias Biggest difference is the central and active role of the researcher in the process of knowing (within the research rather than a neutral, outside observer) Pre-eminence of tacit knowledge -a process of inference and intuition that integrates clues into meaning Subsidiary awareness of certain clues we know more than we can tell it just seems logical Use unique experience and knowledge to develop strategies Examples: case studies (1 of 1), clinical reports, in depth interviews, introspective reports, participant observations, shared experiences You must actively integrate scientific knowledge with professional experience and temper these with your own insights and intuition Motivation From the Latin movere = to move A theoretical construct (not a directly observable phenomenon) Is used to account for the : selection, intensity, persistence of behaviour, learning or performance in any activity
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