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Final Exam/ Course Review lectures 17-35, lectures needed for the final exam, written in Cornell note-taking style so you can write in your own prompt questions to help you study

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Stephan Larose

Kinesiology 1088A Final1thLecture 17 October 25 Psychological Skill TrainingDefinition the systematic and consistent practice of mental or psychological skills o Can be learned but must be practiced and integrated into your training routinePsychological factors account for most daytoday fluctuations in performanceMyths o Psych skills are innate and cant be learned o Only for problem athletes o Only effective for elite athletes o Provide quick fix solutionsComponents of any systematic training program 1 Education learn the nature and basis of the skill and understand how it influences performance 2 Acquisition structured training program to develop skills and techniques 3 Practice integrate skill development into practice and competitive situationsPST program o Who sport psychology consultant coach o When preseason or offseason o Needs assessment evaluate strengths weaknesses oral interview and psych inventories performance profiling o What which skills to include scheduling evaluation o Problems lack of conviction time knowledge andor followup a Psychological skills initialPerformance skills optimal arousal attention controlFoundation skills selfconfidence motivation selfesteem awarenessFacilitative skills interpersonal relations lifestyle management b Psychological methods secondary focusProcedures or techniques used to develop skillsGoal setting imagery relaxation thought control thLecture 18 October 27 Goal SettingGoal a target standard objectiveGoal setting a process of establishing a target or objective in specific behavioural terms3 main types of goals o Outcome goals winlose o Performance goals how well you play personal best o Process goals actions to execute in order to perform betterIndirect effect influence performance by working on psychological states anxiety confidence satisfaction attention etcBenefits of goal setting 1 Increases productivity improve quality of work 2 Clarifies expectations 3 Relieves boredom 4 Provides personal recognition 5 Increases personal and task enjoyment Kinesiology 1088A Final2 Goals can be set for o Training sessions log book o Practice sessions areas to work on o Competitive events o Team social eventsFor each of these sessions or events goals can be focussed ono Conditioning o Performance skills o Knowledgestrategy o AttitudebehaviourGoal setting is an extremely powerful technique for enhancing performance but it must be implemented correctlyWarning dont overload athletes with too many goals at one time concentrate on a few of the most important onesPrinciples of goal setting 1 Relatively difficult challenging but attainable realistic 2 Specific actionoriented and measurable quantifiable 3 Within or geared to the potential of the participantsNote the coach may need to provide a lot of input when inexperienced participants set goals as they may not know the task demands or be able to assess their own skill level 4 Public and formally committed to by the participant written or verbal contract 5 Flexible and adjustable up or down at all times 6 Have specific time frames and dates 7 Sequential and prioritized but limited in number 8 Progressively linked longterm goals linked by intermediate and shortterm goals 810 weeks is most effective 9 Accompanied by feedback knowledge of results and possibly use with rewards 10 Supported by the coach who is a partner and facilitator in the goalsetting process commitment and ownershipeducate significant others about feedback 11 Evaluate and reinforce goal attainment on effort before performance outcome 12 Do not tie the goals to ones selfworth take personal riskembarrassment out of goal attaining 13 Develop goal achievement strategies action plans that are unique to each individual or groupSuccess in goal settings seems to be independent of o Age o Education level o Gender o Personality dispositionFollowup to goal setting 1 Identify appropriate evaluation procedures and evaluate on a regular basis manage stats during practice and games 2 Encourage progress toward stated goals not just goal attainment 3 Regularly reevaluate and adjust goals and strategies to achieve them to make them more realistic especially shortterm goals
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