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Kinesiology 1088A/B
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Objectives of Sport and Exercise Psychologya consider how psychological factors affect an individuals performanceb consider how participation in sport and exercise affects an individuals physiological development health and well beingultimately to obtain an understanding through description explanation and prediction of the behaviourperformance of individuals or groups in a sport or exercisebehaviour a unique way each of us respond to all stimuliperformance goaldirected behaviour for the purpose of short term execution of a discrete taskOrientations to Sport and Exercise Psychologya behavioural behaviour of athletes determined by the environmentb psychophysological study impact of physiological responses to activity on behaviourc cognitivebehavioral behaviour determined by ones interpretation of both environment and cognitions or thoughtsone must go to medical school to become a sport psychologist and have a degree in psychology sportSport Psychology What is It if we want to understand human behaviour and performance in sport and exercise we do so by specific methods of knowing an example of which is Kolbs Learning Cycle1 Concrete Experience actual feeling2 Reflective Observation watching what happened3 Abstract Conceptualization making sense of something 4 Active Experimentation trying it out elsewhereMethodsWays of Knowing in Sport Psychology any systematic study of sport psychology should include the following stagesa Observation and Description what is identify or define the essential observationsb Explanation and Analysis why attempt to provide reason for the findings in part 1c Prediction what will be use the knowledge obtained to predict future occurrencesd Control how can we how can we control the situation to enhance our behaviour and performance there are two main methods of knowing in sport psychology1 Scientific Method founded on the concept of objectivity lack of bias and researchers are detached observersit is a process of learning that uses systematic controlled empirical and critical knowledge acquired through experiencesix steps to the scientific methodi formulation of a specific hypothesisii design of the investigationiii accumulation of dataiv classification of datav development of generalizationsvi verification of resultsthe preceding steps allow scientists to generate reliablevalid data that can be used to generalize theorieslaws of human behaviourhowever it is a slow and conservative process that often lacks practicality 2 Professional Practise Knowledge holistic and experiential guided trial and error leaving reflects the complex interplay of many factorsoften innovative and immediately applicable but less reliable ad susceptible to biasbiggest difference the central and active role of the researcher in process of learning within the research rather than a neutral outside observerutilizes tacit knowledge a process of influenceintuition that integrates bias into meaning a subsidiary awareness of certain choices It just seems logicalexample case studies or clinical reports on individuals introspective reports shared experiencesto KNOW in SPORT PSYCHOLOGY you must incorporate both methods integrate scientific knowledge with professional experience along with your own insights and intuitionMotivationa theoretical construct not a directly observable phenomenonused to account for the selection
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