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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Robert La Rose

September 7 2012Introduction to Sport and Exercise PsychologyObjectives of Sport and Exercise Psychologyaconsider how psychological factors effect an individuals physical performance in sport and exercisebConsider how participation effects psychological development health and well beingComprehensive Objective To obtain an understanding through description explanation and prediction of behaviour and performance of individual or groups Behaviour a unique way of responding to all stimuliPerformance a goal directed behaviour for the purpose of short term execution of a taskOrientations to Sport and Exercise Psychology 1Behavioural behaviour of athletes determined by the environment2Psychophysiological study impact of physiological responses to activity on behaviour3CognitiveBehavioural behaviour determined by ones interpretation of both environment and cognitions thoughtsProfessional Approachesto help fixenhance performanceClinical Counselling ex Eating disordersCrisis Intervention ex slumpbustingPsychological AssesmentPerformance EnhancementConsultation and Program DevelopmentPrevention and Treatment of InjuriesSport Psychologist vs ConsultantSport psychologist can deal with heavier subjects they have a medical degree depression eating disordersConsultant can deal with above approachesSport PsychologyIf we want to understand human behaviour and performance how do you go about studying it What factors should be consideredPeople learn through visual auditory experimentalKolbs Learning Cycle1Concrete Experience CE actual feeling of doing something2Reflective Observation RO watching what happened3Abstract Conceptualization AC Making sense of it thinking4Active Experiment AE try out something else doingSeptember 10 2012MethodsWays of Knowing Scientific Method ExperimentsSystematic ObservationSingle Case Study one individual in one situationShared Public ExperienceIntrospection thoughts feelings about an event or situationIntuition tacit knowledgeWays of Knowing in Sport PsychologyAny systematic study of sport psychology should include the following stages1Observation and Description what is identify or define the essential characteristics2Explanation and Analysis why attempt to provide a reason for the feelings in stage 13Prediction what will be use knowledge to predict future occurrences4Control how can we control the situation What can we control to change the behaviour or performanceScientific Method Founded on the concept of Objectivity lack of bias researchers are detached observers and manipulators of natureIt is a process or method of learning that uses systematic controlled empirical and critical filtering of knowledge acquired through experience Six Steps of Scientific Method1Formulation of a specific hypothesis2Design of the investigation3Accumulation of data4Classification of data5Development of generalizations6Verification of results These steps provide scientists with a way of collecting reliable and valid internal data that can then be used to develop generalizable theories and laws of human behaviourHowever this is a slow and conservative process that often lacks external validity practicalityProfessional Practice KnowledgeHolistic and Experientialguided trial and error learning reflecting the complex interplay of many factors look at the big picture It is often innovative and immediately applicable but less reliable and susceptible to bias Biggest difference is the central and active role of the researcher in the process of knowing within the research rather than a neutral outside observer Preeminence of Tacit Knowledgea process of inference and intuition that integrates clues into meaningSubsidary awareness of certain clues we know more than we can tellIt just seems logicalUse unique experience and knowledge to develop strategies Examples Case Studies Clinical reports InDepth Interviews Introspective reports Partcipants Observations Shared Experiences You must actively integrate scientific knowledge with professional experience and temper these with your own insight and intuition MotivationA theoretical construct not a directly observable phenomenon Is used to account for theSelection Intensity Persistence of behaviour learning or performance in any activity
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