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Midterm

Introduction to Psycho - TEST 1 and Test 2.docx


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
Kinesiology 1080A/B
Professor
Matthew Heath
Study Guide
Midterm

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Introduction to Psycho-Motor Learning
Topic 1: What is Psycho-Motor Learning
Plasticity: the ability to learn and acquire new skills (new neuron connection forming)
Extrafusal muscle fibers: cause contraction, power moving muscle fibers, power
contraction
**situated outside a striated muscle spindle.
Intrafusal muscle fibers: propo sense, design to detect stretch
stretch information tells the central nervous system where the limb is with
respect to the body
**the striated muscle fiber within a muscle spindle.
Motor Learning and Control Defined
Learning benefit VS performance
Learning benefit you can remember 24 hours later, something your mind
remember not something that you can just do.
Motor Learning: a set of internal processes associated with practical experience
leading to a relatively permanent gain in performance capability
Motor Control: an area of study dealing with understanding of the neural,
physical, behavioral and cognitive aspects of movement
o How does the brain develop a motor program
o How does that program affect intrafusal fibers
Historical Development of Motor Learning/ Control
Mother disciplines (4): Psychology (** largest contribution), Neuroscience, Engineering,
and Education Leads to Motor Learning/Control
1) Psychology Perception, cognition and action

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The ability for somatic info is different in CNS then the cognitive in the CNS
Shiffrin Short term memory, Memory model
o Interested in cognitive movements
o Memory model: process one piece of information or stimulus at one
time
1. The brain as a computer: the serial nature of information processing
2. Memory for different tasks: motor tasks versus cognitive tasks
a. Somatic: numerical facts
2) Engineering: Human Engineering
1. Arthur Melton (created a battery of simple test that individuals perform to test there
ability to successfully fly a plane)
- Pilots can be selected based on specific individual abilities
2. Paul Fitts
- Fore father of the field of ergonomics
- Too many airplane accidents were occurs as a result of faulty human/machine
interface
- how we process information influences are information with machine and computer
compatibility
3) Neuroscience: Reciprocal Innervation
- First understood by C.S Shemington
- Suppresses activity of an antagonist muscle when protagonist is active
- Explains phenomenon such as walking and reaching
- Final common path at the spinal cord produce muscular contraction
** Co- Contraction: limb locks into place, both protagonist and antagonist contract at the
same time
4) Physical Education: Education
- Franklin M Henry
- Examined whole body movements and developed experimental approaches to
understand how we learn to produce complex movements

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- Gross body movements
- How we learn and produce complex movements
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