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Kinesiology 1088A/B Study Guide - Shared Experience, Interpersonal Communication, World War Ii

Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

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Note #1
Objectives of Sport/Exercise Psychology
participation in sport effects an individual’s psychological development/health
considers how psychological factors effect an individual’s physical performance in
ex. pump up/choke
Comprehensive Objective
to obtain an understanding (description, explanation, prediction) of the behavior and
performance of individuals or groups in sport/exercise
BEHAVIOR: a unique way of responding to all stimuli
PERFORMANCE: goal directed behavior for the purpose of short term
execution of a discrete task
Orientation to Sport/Exercise Psychology
BEHAVIORAL: behaviour of athletes determined by environment
ex. baseball game @ night vs. game @ morning
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL: study impact of physiological responses to activity or
ex. season game vs. 9th inning playoffs
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL: behaviour determined by one’s interpretation of
both environment and cognitions
ex. positive/negative thoughts
Professional Approaches
clinical counseling: eating disorders (due to stress/anxiety)
crisis intervention: “slumpbusting”
ex. closing “expert” pitcher
performance enhancement
consultation + program development
prevention + treatment of injury
ex. psychologically injured, hesitating after injury
Sport Psychologist vs. Consultant
-medical degreees - educational, has docterate
- drug abuse/depression/ - not prepared to deal with
eating disorders medical issues, passes them up

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Sport Psychology - What is it?
if we want to understand human behaviour and performance in sport/exercise
How do we go form studying them and what factors should be included in the
study? How do we learn? VISUAL, AUDITORY, EXPERIMENTAL.
ex. MOVIE: “brain getting in the way”, look like a fool, don’t think!
once you know something you start seeing problems (lots of adjustments, usually
keep missing)
if you’re willfully stupid, you don’t know any better
ex. secret to life is short term stupidity
KOLB’S Learning Cycle
1. Concrete Experience (CE): actual feeling of a task
ex. listen to lecture, diving off diving board
2. Reflective Observation (RO): watching what happened
ex. talk/reflect about prof/lecture
3. Abstract Conceptualization (AC): make sense of it, thinking
ex. why did I hit the ball out of the bounds, make notes/study group
4. Active Experimentation (AE): doing tryout elsewhere
ex. exams, leads to feedback
Note #2
PERFORMANCE: how well you worked at the gym
BEHAVIOUR: more mental approach, how you think you’ll do
Which is more important? Some say it is the interpretation of both.
Motivation - What Motivates Someone?
Methods/Way of knowing
- scientific method/experiments
- systematic observation
ex. what pros
- single case study
- shared public experience
ex. ask not only 1 person about a movie, source of motivation when all your
friends watch a tv show
- introspection (thoughts/feelings)

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ex. reflection of a date, pos/neg?, no kiss goodnight, how best to preform
- intuition (tacit knowledge)
ex. just seems logical, “guys always know where they are, never ask”
Ways of Knowing in Sport Psychology
any systematic study of sport psychology should include:
1. Observation + Description (what is it?)
- identify/define the essential characteristics
ex. when you’re stressed, how do I succeed/learn?
2. Explanation + Analysis (why?)
-attempt to provide a reason for the findings in 1.
-why things happened the way they did
ex. why did I mess up? was I distracted by the fans?
3. Prediction (what will be?)
-use the knowledge obtained to predict the future
ex. keep practicing and get better, over adjust (over swing)
4. Control (how can we?)
-what can we control to change the behaviour or performance
ex. how to get better marks, what can you control? can’t control brain freeze on a test,
use strategies/techniques
Scientific Method
founded on the concept of objectivity (lack of bias, researchers are detached
observers and manipulators of nature)
it is a process or method of learning that uses systematic, controlled, imperial
(observing specifics and categorizing), and critical filtering of knowledge acquired
through experience
when we sit back and observe, we can draw theories
Six Steps of the Scientific Method
1. Formulation of a specific hypothesis
2. Design of the investigation
3. Accumulation of data
4. Classification of date
5. Development of generalization
6. Verification of results, apply and valid (internal) data that can then be used to
develop generalization theories and laws of human behaviour
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