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Midterm

Beginning to Midterm.pdf


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Professor
Bob Larose
Study Guide
Midterm

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Introduction to Sport and Exercise Psychology 2013-10-21 12:13 PM
Chapter 6: Objectives of Sport and Exercise Psychology
A) How psychological factors effect physical performance in sport- exercise
Goal setting, ect
B) How participation in sport/exc effects individual physiological
development, health and well being
Comprehensive Objective:
Get an understanding (through description, explanation and
prediction) of behaviour and performance of individuals or groups in
sport/exc
Behaviour: a unique way of responding to all stimuli
Performance: goal-directed behaviour for the purpose of short
term execution of a discrete task
Orientations to Sport and Exercise Psychology
Behavioural: behavior of athletes determined by the environment
(under tension they make mistakes- ex championship match)
Psychophysiological: study impact of responses to activity on
behaviour ! tense up muscles
Cognitive Behavioural: behaviour determined by ones
interpretation of both environment and cognitions (thoughts)
Professional Approaches:
Clinical counselling: eating disorders! medical standpoint
Crisis Intervention: “slumpbusting”
Psychological Assessment – thoughts, behaviours (interviews, forms
filled out)
Performance enhancement
Consultation and program development - changing the way they
think about their performance
Prevention and treatment of injuries! effects after an injury, more
cautious
Sports Psychologist vs. Consultant

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Psychologist – medical doctors
Consultant- refers patient to medical psychologist
Sports Psychology: if we want to understand human behaviour and
performance in sport and exercise, how do we go about studying them and
what factors should we include in the study
How do we learn?
o Visual- demonstrate
o Auditory- hearing how to do something
o Experiential- actually perform the act over and over
(Kinesthetic)
Learning requires change
Example of learning process
A) KOLB’S LEARNING CYCLE:
o 1) Concrete experience (CE)- actual feeling
o 2) Reflective observation (RO)- watching what happened
o 3) Abstract conceptualization (AC)- making sense of it/
thinking
o 4) Active Experimentation (AE)- try out elsewhere/doing
Methods/Ways of knowing
Scientific method/experiments
Systematic observation
Single case study- observing one person
Shared public experience- asking other people and getting their
response to get a general idea
Introspection (thoughts/feelings)- own experience
Intuition (tacit knowledge)
Sept 11 Lec 3
Ways of knowing sports Psychology:
Any systematic study of sport psychology should include the
following stages:
o Observation and description (what is)

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" Understand how feeling good helps performance
" Describe situation
" Identify or define the essential characteristics
o Explanation and analysis (why?)
" Attempt to provide reason for the findings in stage 1
o Prediction (what will be)
" Use the knowledge obtained to predict future
occurrences
o Control (how can we?)
" How can we manipulate environment, ect to obtain
desired outcome
" What can we control to change the behaviour or
performance
Scientific Method
o Founded on the concept of objectivity (lack of bias-
researchers are detached observers and manipulators of
nature)
o It is a process/method of learning that uses systematic,
controlled, empirical and critical filtering of knowledge
acquired through experience
" Six steps of the scientific method:
1. Formulation of a specific hypothesis
2. Design of the investigation (test hypoth.)
3. Accumulation of data
4. Classification of data
5. Development of generalizations
6. Verification of results (retesting)
These steps provide scientists with a way of
collecting reliable and valid (internal) data that
can then be used to develop generalizable
theories and laws of human behaviour
However, this is a slow and conservative process
that often lacks external validity (practicality)
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