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Kinesiology 1088A/B Study Guide - Final Guide: Trait Theory, Assertiveness, Hyperintensity

Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose
Study Guide

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Kin Study Notes: Part 2
Psychological Skill Training (PST) – systematic and consistent practice of mental or psychological
Psychological SKILLS – personal qualities to be attained or developed (ex. get up to bat and be
Psychological METHODS procedures or techniques used to develop psychological skills
Arousal – blend of psychological and physiological activation; intensity of motivation at any particular
time; caused by anticipation (of an event, threat, or worry); excitation ranging on a continuum from
sleep to hyper-intensity
Stress – the result of a substantial imbalance between the physical and psychological demands of a
task and one’s response capabilities under conditions where failure has important consequences (ex.
walking down an alley and a shadow pops up)
Anxiety – a negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry, and apprehension
oCognitive (mental) components (worry and apprehension)
oSomatic (physiological) component (increased heart rate or breathing, sweating, nausea)
Fear of Success – withhold effort or involvement so don’t have to live up to levels attained in previous
best performance
Goal – a target, standard, or objective
Goal Setting – a process of establishing a target or objective in specific behavioural terms
Self-Confidence – general feeling of mastery (personality trait)
Self-Efficacy – confidence in a specific situation; the strength of an individuals conviction that they can
successfully execute a behaviour, perform a task, or handed a situation to produce a desired result
Imagery – is an experience that mimics real experience. We can be aware of ‘seeing’ an image, feeling
movements as an image, or experiencing an image of smells, tastes, or sounds without actually
experiencing the real thing… It differs for dreams because we are awake and conscious when we form an
Attention Control/Concentration the ability to direct and hold thoughts and senses on specific
objects, events, or feelings
Outcome – the result of an event that is interpreted as either a success or a failure
Analysis – the use of previous experience, expectations, perceptions, and the impact of external factors
to assess an outcome
Attribution – the cause or explanation given to an outcome
Aggression in Sport – any form of overt, intentional behaviour directed toward the goal of harming or
injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment
Assertiveness – intense or highly motivated performance
Psychological skills can be learned but must be practiced and integrated into you training routine
Components of Any Systematic Training System:
1. Education – learn the nature and basis of the skill and understand how it influences performance
2. Acquisition – structured training program to develop skills and techniques
3. Practice – integrate skill development into practice and competitive situations
oThese help make the sporting experience fun and helps meet everyone’s needs
Breath Control Strategy:
1. Inhale – slowly count to 4
a. Fill lower abdomen (not chest) using diaphragm
b. Stomach feels stretched/fat
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