Chapter 14: Workplace Wellness: Work-Family and Health Promotion Programs
Work-Family conflict: a type of inter role conflict in which the role pressures experiences in the work and family domains
Family Friendly Policies
- Flexible Work Arrangements (FWAs): family-friendly policies that involve modifications to the traditional work
- Compressed Workweek: flexible work arrangements in which employees work full-time hours in fewer
- Job Sharing: flexible work arrangement in which two employees divide the responsibilities of a single position
- Flextime: flexible work arrangement that permits employees to have variable stat and finish times to their
- Telecommuting: flexible work arrangement in which an employee regularly makes use of telecommunications
technology to complete work assignments away from the office; usually at home
- Personal Leave Systems for a chronically ill child
- Family Care Benefits day care and elderly care or subsidies dependent care
Health Promotions: a combination of diagnostic, educational, and behavioural modification activites designed to support
the attainment and maintenance of positive health
Stress Management Programs
- Cognitive-Behavioural Skills Training
- Relaxation Training and Mediation
- Increasing Social Support
- Smoking Cessation
- Alcohol and Drug Testing Programs discriminatory
- Hypertension Screening (aka silent killer): elevated body pressure
- Nutrition and Weight Control
- Physical Fitness Programs
Level 1: focus on awareness and typically comprise newsletters, health fairs, screening sessions
(BMI), posters and brochures
Level 2: last 8-12 weeks and attempt to achieve long term effects by fostering specific health-
Level 3: support individual change by creating work environment that promotes a healthy
lifestyle healthy food in cafeteria, onsite gym
- Historically workplace wellness concepts were reactive
o (Dealt with issues of health after conditions arose)
- Recently emphasis has been placed on improving the health (and resiliency) of employees in the workplace in a
o Resiliency: being able to deal with the distress in the workforce.
- The National Quality Institute promotes healthy workplaces.
- The Canada Awards for Excellence recognizes:
o Holistic workplace health systems and organizations which provide:
1 Physical, social, personal, and developmental support, to improve the overall employee quality
of life, both within and outside the workplace.
More problems occurred when employees are outside the work environment.
- Assumption of health programs in the workplace:
o Fit workers (both physically and mentally) are better workers.
o Will benefit both the employees and the company as a whole.
- Many workplace health programs developed from employee assistance plans.
- EAPs were developed to improve the life for workers.
- Plans began with improving the working conditions.
- Then to assisting in the meeting of basic physical needs of workers.
- Then psychological needs by having on-site counselling services available.
o Drug abuse
o Financial and legal concerns
o Family support worries (such as providing information about caring for children and/or elderly).
- Some companies also include paid educational leave (for employee enhancement)