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Media, Information and Technoculture 2000F/G Study Guide - Final Guide: Milnet, Packet Switching, Transistor Radio

Media, Information and Technoculture
Course Code
MIT 2000F/G
Daniel Robinson
Study Guide

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MIT 2000 Exam Review
November 2nd 2016 Film History
Kinetograph and Kinetoscope
o W.K.L. Dickson/ Thomas Edison
o Kinetograph: moving picture camera, 1892
Do for the eye that the phonograph did for the ear
o Kinetoscope: peep hole viewing machine, 1893
o Columbian Exposition Chicago, 1893
o 35mm b/w motion picture (15 sec)
Movement scenes focused on action
o Dancers, acrobats, prize fighters, vaudeville performers
o Edison ‘studio’
The worlds first film studio
o Films are communal -
o Dissapear by 1900
Inventing the Projector
o Francis Jenkins/ Thomas Armat
o Auguste/ Louis Lumiere
Cinematograph in Paris, 1895
Workers Leaving Lumiere Factory
Train Arrival at La Ciotat
Showings: Phase One, 1895-1905
o Vaudeville
Movies –novelty acts “chasers”
Type of theater, performances, musical acts, joke
telling, burlesque
Chaser run a variety of films (short films)
o Movies were just used at beginning and end of
o Penny Arcades
Owners buy/ rent projectors
Regular film screenings
Pay a little bit of money to see some films
o Travelling shows
Itinerant exhibitors
Tent shows
Nickelodeons (1905-1918)
o Pay a nickel to see a film (continuous loop of films)
o Films Only
Continuous showings
o Growth
1914: 18,000 (US) Nickelodeons throughout US
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7 mil daily admissions
o Longer Films
10-15 minutes
started to think of plots and narratives
One-reel, westerns, melodramas
o Audience Growth
More people in factory jobs
More Disposable Income
More Leisure Time
Leisure and Culture early 1900s
o High vs. Low Culture
o Low
Dance halls
Pool hall
Burlesque theatre
o High
School rec. programs
Church socials
Progressive Era reformers
Nickelodeon Low Culture
o Poor sanitation, smells, overcrowding
o Outside barkers, handbills lights
o Darkness and morality
Dark theatres added attraction
Crowded dark areas
o Raunchy vaudeville opening acts
Silent Films (1920s)
o Commercial Success
800 features annually
100 mill. Weekly attendance
25,000 cinemas
o Aesthetic Success
The Tramp, Wings
Mary Pickford, Charlie Chaplin, Clara Bow
o Visual storytelling
Experiencing Silent Films
o Elegant, ornate cinemas
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o Musical accompaniment
o Audience imagination
o Subjective experience not passive viewing
o The Jazz Singer 1927
o Primarily visual to primarily verbal
o Comedy” pantomime to dialogue
o Standardized, less individual interpretation
o Writers journalists/literati
o Theatre actors/ directors
o NY/ Hollywood
Star System / Studio System
o High cost sound movies
o Studios Paramount, MGM
Order and predictability
300-400 films a year, A & B movies
Proving ground for new stars
7 year contracts
o 1930s / Depression
Stability in turbulent times
Stereotypical mold for stars
City and Social Alienation
o Country
Family tradition
Framework of purpose
Community norms
Close-knit community
o City
Anomie: lost in the crowd
Self-help manuals
Movie Star as Model for Personality
o Models: newcomers/new situations
o Stage, screen, playing field
Define success, attractiveness
Confident behavior
Decisive; harmonious personalities
o Whole person; will-integrated self
o Celebrated actors as “personalities”
Star System / Star Gazing
o Studio investment lengthen stardom
o Fan Mail
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