Media, Information and Technoculture 2500A/B Study Guide - Scientific Management, Deskilling

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Media, Information and Technoculture
Course
Media, Information and Technoculture 2500A/B
Professor
Marxism
Taylorism
Fordism
- Manufacture
o Division of labour
o Isolation of skills/tasks
- Factory
o Machines and automated
systems receive the focus
o Machinery takes on a kind of
human form; an organism
itself
- Human goes from being in
charge of personal touches like
skill and craft to just being a
machine operator
- System is in control, human just
tries to fit in
- Machinery assumes the material
form previously reserved for
humans
o Replaces the worker
- Merges artificial and biological
- Worker becomes diminished
- Technology absorbs all previous
skill, experience and knowledge
of the worker
o No sickness or injury
o Standardized, repeatable
- Scientific Management
- Division of labour over an entire
organization
- Scientific approach on how to be
more productive
- Separation of labour from
thought
- Study of men, materials, tools;
Standardizing of tools and
equipment; Investigation of
their qualities and capacity
- Determines the “one best way”
to do things
o Extremely inflexible
- Workers make as few
movements as possible
- Emphasizes speed and
specialization
- Work faster and harder, but
compensated (wages go up)
- Demotion of skill
- Control = predictability
- With control and speed, we lose
quality
- Introduces assembly line
- Automates Taylorism
- Workers do more, produce more,
get paid more
- Divides profits with employees
instead of paying higher wages
- Encouraged workers to consume
items from Ford
o Pay tied to profit
- Ford extends inside the home
- Success is due to specialization
- Centralized and Speed
- Standardization
o Make one thing, make a lot of
it, so we can sell more
o Very specialized, very little
choice
- Deskilling
- Ex. XL E-Coli Issue
o With speed, less time to
sanitize blade after each cut
o All about speed and
rationalization
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Document Summary

Manufacture: division of labour, isolation of skills/tasks. Division of labour over an entire organization. Scientific approach on how to be get paid more: machines and automated systems receive the focus more productive. Separation of labour from: machinery takes on a kind of thought. Divides profits with employees instead of paying higher wages. Encouraged workers to consume human form; an organism itself. Human goes from being in charge of personal touches like skill and craft to just being a machine operator. Standardizing of tools and equipment; investigation of their qualities and capacity. Determines the one best way to do things items from ford: pay tied to profit. System is in control, human just: extremely inflexible, make one thing, make a lot of tries to fit in. Machinery assumes the material form previously reserved for humans: replaces the worker. Technology absorbs all previous skill, experience and knowledge of the worker: no sickness or injury, standardized, repeatable.

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