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Music 1102A/B Study Guide - Final Guide: Rhythm, Duple Coachbuilders, Unique Key

Course Code
Music 1102A/B
Kate Helsen
Study Guide

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Elements of Music
Melody: A single line of notes heard in succession as a coherent unit
o Note: Smallest unit of music
o Phrases: formed by notes separated by pauses
o Cadence: point of arrival
Indicate when phrase is done and used to separate phrases
o Melodies are constructed from sub phrases and phrases, which form
complete sentences ending with cadence and notes come together like
language does
o Melodic Motion
Conjunct (motion by steps)
disjunct (motion by leaps)
most melodies use both types
o Melodic notes are derived from a scale
o Scale: series of stepwise notes spanning an octave
Interval: The distance between two notes
Scales combine whole steps and half steps form building blocks
of a melody
Central note of scale or melody determines its key
o Standard western music uses 12 keys with two possible modes
Major mode: do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti do; sounds bright or happy
Minor mode: Same as major, nut lowered mi and la; sounds
dark and sombre
o Mixture of modes creates melodic contrast
Rhythm: The ordering of music through time
o The ordering of music through time
o Meter: Underlying recurring pattern of beats
o Triple meter: one strong beat followed by two weak beats
o Duple meter: one strong beat followed by one weak boat
o Measure: Rhythmic unit formed by meter
Durations of notes (long versus short) can vary within an
underlying meter
Harmony: The sound created by multiple voices playing or singing together
o The sound created by multiple notes played or sung simultaneously
o If melody functions horizontally, then harmony functions vertically
o Harmony presents notes drawn from a scale simultaneously
o Chord: Three or more notes played at the same moment
Most harmonizations use different chords to create variety
o A single melody can be harmonized in more than one way
o Harmony works on small and large scale
o Tonic: the primary key area of a piece
Texture: Based on the number and general relationship of musical lines or
o The Number and general relationship of musical lines to one another
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