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Music 1102A/B Study Guide - Final Guide: Austin Wintory, Polytonality, Ternary Form

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Music 1102A/B
Kate Helsen
Study Guide

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Austin Wintory - Composer of Nascene from video game Journey
Tim: between familiar and exotic
Cello played
Two ways composers create adaptable music - Layering: texture change
branching: form change
Bebop - After WWII
Difficult to dance and listen to
Charlie Parker - Bebop Musician
Drug addiction and personal problems
Wrote ornithology
Ornithology - Song by Charlie Parker
Mel: rise fall rapid, dissonant pitches, and repeated short motif
• Sectional Form - A A' form
Bela Bartok - Emigrated to US in 1940
Piano player
collected and founding inspirition in music of different European ethnic goups
Ethnomusicologist - scholarly study of music that focuses on social dimensions and
use of music within and between cultures
Asymmetrical-Symmetrical Form - Ternary form with varied return (ABA')
Used by Bela Bartok
European folk music - Music using oboes, bassoons, clarinets, and trumpets,
Uses Asymmetrical-Symmetrical (ABA') Form
Charles Ives - Composed the unanswered question in 1908
Rebelled against musical tradition
Modernist pioneer
Charles Ives Modernest Music Style - Combines tonal and atonal5 harmony
Strings play in tonal fashion
Solo trumpet and winds play atonal fragments
The unanswered question - Song written by Charles Ives
Solo trumpet interjects the "question"
Wind quartet provides "answers"
Igor Stravinsky - Wrote Ballet The Rite of Spring in 1913 (caused riot)
adopted neo-classicism later
Rite of Spring - !913. Ballet written by Igor Stravinsky that caused a riot. Tells story
of 12 year old being sacrificed and "performing rituals" on
Polytonal Harmonies - Juxtaposed multiple tonal centers that work together at the
same time and creates effect of polytonality
Used by Igor Stravinsky
Ostinato - single rhythmic/melodic gesture repeated many times
John Williams - Composed The Walls Converge (Star Wars)
Diegetic Music - Film Music audible to characters onscreen
Non-Diegetic Music - Film Music inaudible to characters onscreen
The Walls Converge - Star Wars- John Williams
Frequent timbral shifts add to anxiety
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Minor mode-storm troopers bad guys
Leonard Bernstein - Tonight- West side story
Major conductor
Tonight- West Side Story - Uses Additive form
Basic word "tonight" approached differently by two groups
Additive form - Each character introduced one by one
two basic melodies distributed among different characters, new layers constantly
Richard Wagner - Composed: The valkyrie Act III
Music provokes extreme reactions
The valkyrie Act III - Richard Wagner
Orchestra and voice blend unlike normal opera where orchestra supports
leitmotifs - musical ideas connected dramatically to some person event or idea
Modernism - Modernism disregarded tradition, sought novelty
Neoclassicism - reaction to modernism
Clara Wieck Schumann - Composed Forward 1848
Piano virtuoso
Forward - Clara Wieck Schumann
Mel: Follows five strophes of text (A B A' B' A'') A-loud B-soft
used a capella timbre
A cappella chorus - group of unaccompanied voices
Ravi Shankar - Sitar, Com: Raga Sindhi-Bhairavi
Raga - scalar patterns with distinct melodic shapes, each with a certain character
Raga Sindhi-Bhairavi - two sounds: pluck and resonate other sounds
used sitar: play strings, drone strings, sympathetic strings
Barbara Strozzi - Composed: Revenge 1651
learned in Venice
Revenge - Barbara Strozzi 1651
two contrasting melodies: lively duple, slow triple
Chamber music
Chamber music - one performer on each part
Hector Berlioz - Composed: Symphony fantastique movement 4
first great master of orchestration
Symphony fantastique movement 4 - Hector Berlioz
massive orchestra
Re-creates thoughts, dreams, and nightmares of an artist in music
Simple alternation: A- minor, B- Major
Johann Sebastian Bach - Composed: Fugue in G Minor, BWV 578 and Cantata 140:
Awake, a voice calls to us
church organist
every genre except opera
Fugue in G Minor, BWV 578 - Bach
used Fugal Texture
same theme repeated gaining speed
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