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Music 1711F/G Study Guide - Organum, Hocket, Tetrachord


Department
Music
Course Code
Music 1711F/G
Professor
Evan Cortens

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MUSIC HISTORY 1711 DEFINITIONS - Medieval
Tetrachord – descending succession of four notes spanning the interval of a fourth
Monophonic –single melodic line
Polyphonic – the simultaneous sounding of independent parts of equal importance
Greater Perfect System - a series of four interlocking tetrachords plus one additional note
Genera – diatonic, chromatic, enharmonic
Mousike – encompassed melody, rhythm, words, dance, poetry, and song
Plainchant – pure melody with no harmony accompaniment or added voices
Hymn – freely composed strophic texts
Neumes – the first form of notation used as an aid for remembering plainchant
Proper – celebratory Mass
Ordinary – the typical Mass
Syllabic – each syllable in text has a note
Neumatic – each syllable sung between 1-2 notes
Melismatic – many notes per syllable
Jubilus – the final melisma on the last syllable of Alleluia
Antiphone – plainchant sung before the recitation of a psalm
Mode- a scale type characterized by a specific pattern of whole steps and half steps
Hexachord – group of 6 notes all separated by whole steps, except the 3rd and 4th notes which
are separated by half steps
Gamut – entire range of available pitches – 7 interlocking hexachords
Troping – musical or textual addition to an already existing chant, while the original chant is still
intact
Prosulae – adding words to an already existing melisma
Organum – a polyphonic work with one voice singing original plainchant with an additional voice
above or below
Parallel Organum – additional voice that runs parallel to the established plainchant
Vox Principalis – Original Plainchant
Vox Organalis – additional voice
Melismatic Organum – the use of multiple notes in the vox organalis over a single note in the
original chant
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