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Study Guide

Music 2701A/B- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 86 pages long!)


Department
Music
Course Code
Music 2701A/B
Professor
Kristina Baron- Woods
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Music 2701A/B
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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What is a musical?
Musical (noun): a stage, television, or film production utilizing popular-style song-
dialogue optional- to either tell a story (book musicals) or showcase the talents of
the writers and/or performers (revues)
Popular style songs:
o Musical theatre songs were once popular radio songs
o Participation in the musical- when you know songs beforehand and sing
along
Elements of Musical Theatre:
Book/libretto
Lyrics
Music/songs/score
Dance/choreography
Direction
Design
Voice Types/Ranges:
Soprano
o Mezzo soprano
Alto
Tenor
o Baritone
Bass
o Various pop voice ranges
Song forms we may encounter:
Strophic or stanzaic form: aaa
Verse-chorus form: aBaB
Through-composed: no discernable overriding musical or textual pattern
Composite: combining more than one form
MEGA-MUSICALS
Big shows on Broadway in the 1980s:
Everything about them is large: cast, set, big named stars, audience (big theaters
that they’re in)
Major technical requirements (automated sets), flying, barricades, revolving
stages, etc.
Big orchestra
Huge budgets excess in the 1980s’- booming economy, people wanted to go
see plays to solidify their status: wanted to be able to tell others they went to the
theatre
For a lot of people, this introduced others to theatre, it became bigger
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Cats
Les Misérables
Andrew Lloyd Webber
Dominating force in musical theatre from about 1975-1995
Known for lavish, big-budget shows
Frequently accused of musical plagiarism
Catchy tunes, musical themes oft-repeated
Several shows in “longest-running” lists
Most commercially successful theatre composer of the modern Era
Revolutionized the idea of going to the theatre with his mega musicals
All of his music has a very similar tune
Lloyd Webber: Life
Born in London 22 March 1948
Musical family: father is a composer/organist; mother is a
violinist/pianist/teacher; younger brother is accomplished chellist
Born in London at a time when music and theaters were lavishing
Early interest in theatre from his Aunt Viola, a London stage actress
Began composing little songs to accompany puppet shows he put on with
Auntie Viola- she was prominent in the musical scene
Started education at Oxford as a history scholar but gave it up to study at
Royal College of Music
Webbers First success:
First lyricist partner was Tim Rice - worked on several early hits with him
They composed a show for children to perform- short version of this play
(15-20 minute cantata- a story that is sung [solos and ensemble] for a
school)
Dreamcoat (1968), composed as short cantata for school performance,
then expanded
Cantata: a sung musical work, with solos and ensemble singing, usually
based
First big success Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor on scripture or a
religious theme, dramatic, tells a story but unstaged
Next success: Jesus Christ Superstar
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