- improvisitory piece. For instruments only
-it is an independent piece
-The taqsim could be part of a larger work.
- it is not a free for all, there are a lot of rules.
-It is organized what is called using paragraph structure. Each taqasim is made up of
-Its like climbing up a mountaint and you move through different tetra chords and then
you have these runs that bring you back home ( it is similar to sonata form)
- composed structure of music
Taslim(refrain) Khana ( composed melody)
- goes Taslim, Khana, Taslim, Hana, etc
-T-K,T, K2, T-K3,T,K4,T
- Kind of like verse chorus. There is a different solo each Khana
– During Tesline is hetrophonic and the Khana’s are call and response
- related to the tambourine
-it is a membranaphone but has idiophone components.
-There is a wide range of instruments
qafla:Astatement that ends a paragraph or a sentence. It is kind of like a PAC in
Ghunna :, highly desirable sound,Nasal sound.
- Ethnomusicologists mix eticAND emic approaches.
– You do both observing and you act as a participant
-Can be overt ( very easy to understand)
-Can be subtle ( May take long years of familiarity and long years of analysis.
All music has a use
-Ask yourself what the music is used for and why it was created
- It can provide a narrative ( movies)
-convince people to shop there
-Music used in advertising Comon Uses
-Worship/contact the divine
-deal with social change
-Chase away udesirables
-inspire physical response
-enforce conformity to societal norms
-maintain stability of tradition
-help integrate society
Religion and music in the Arab World:
Arab world consists of :Mauritanuan,Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, SaudiArabia, Iraq,
Yemen, Oman, Somalia
-2% are christian
-2% are Jewish
-Arab World birthplace to three monotheistic religions
- Predominant religion Islam ( 91%)
- Only 20% of world’s Muslims live inArab
Religion and Music
-contributes to shared musical traditions
-use of chanted recitation
-Azan ( Sacred reci