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Theoretical Assignment 1.docx

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Philosophy 1200
Eric Desjardins

Nathaniel Sukhdeo 250664014 October 24 , 2012 Theoretical Assignment 1 Part 1 Language 1. Identify the purpose of the speakers in using language as they do. i) The purpose of the language in this passage is the Evocative function. Evocative language is used to evoke certain emotions in an audience. This is evident through William Wordsworth use of certain words and images i.e. the description of a presence that disturbed him and evoked certain emotions. ii) The purpose of language in this passage is the Persuasive function. Persuasive language is used to persuade people to accept something or act in a certain way. This is evident through the use of the second sentence in this passage, in this case the attempt to persuade someone into going to the beach by providing them with an anticipatory benefit. In this case, having fun is the potential benefit of attending. iii) The purpose of language in this passage is the Directive function. Directive language is used to command someone to do something. In this passage, the listener is being commanded to ask the waiter where the washroom is. The command in this situation is “ask”. 2. Definitions a) Identify the type of each definition i) Tanager: The provided definition is a reportive definition. I would classify this as a reportive definition because it is conveying the information needed to use a word correctly, also known as the standard usage. This is supported through the fact that it is an Oxford Canadian Dictionary definition. ii) Water: The provided definition is an essentialist definition. I would classify this as an essentialist definition because the provided definition is an attempt to express in succinct form a theory about the nature of what is being defined. In this case, the definition is clearly expressing water for what it is, a compound composed of H20 and possible impurities. b) Assess the following reportive definitions. i) House: This definition is too narrow. It is too narrow because the defining phrase fails to refer to some things that are included in the reference of the term being defined. In this case, it specifies that only families live in a house. This is not the case, as we know in modern society, an individual can live alone in a house. ii) Cake: This definition is too broad and too narrow. It is too narrow and too broad because the defining phrase refers to some things, which the term does not and also fails to refer to some things to which the term does. In this case, It is too broad by referring to a cake as a pastry covered in icing because that can refer to such things as strudels. It is too narrow because cakes can be made out of various things, and a pastry is only one type, it does not include the possibility of such things as Ice Cream Cake. 3. General i) State a necessary but not sufficient condition for being a high school graduate. Obtaining your high school diploma (OSSD) is a necessary requirement or being a high school graduate. ii) What are two ways of interpreting the following sentence? The first way to interpret this sentence is that the tree was more than fifty years old. The second way to interpret this sentence is that the school was more than 50 years old.
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