Phil 1305G: Questions of the Day
EXAM STUDY QUESTIONS
The exam is on Saturday, April 29 from 2:00-5:00pm in NCB 117. It will be designed to last two
hours, but I will give you three. There will be two sections to the exam: a short-answer section
and an essay section. All of the exam questions will come from this study guide. There will be
some choice, but I will not tell you how much ahead of time.
Short Answer Questions (each worth 3 marks): be sure to define your terms (i.e., technical
terms in philosophy or simply terms whose meaning is unclear) and make at least three distinct
points that together answer the question.
1. What is the difference between a normative and a descriptive claim? Use examples to
illustrate the difference.
2. Why does it matter in debate whether a claim one makes is normative or descriptive?
3. How demanding is Peter Singer’s Strong Principle compared to his Moderate Principle?
4. According to Isaacs, what are the benefits of taking a collective as opposed to an
individual approach to helping people who are in dire need?
5. What are “warm glow givers,” and what objection(s), if any, does Igneski have to them?
6. Explain what utilitarians are committed to, and how, in general terms, they would
respond to one of our questions of the day.
7. Why is it not silly to ask whether governments should license parents, just as they
license drivers or doctors?
8. What is the objection to parental licensing that concerns parental competence? How
does LaFollette respond to this objection?
9. What is the objection to parental licensing that concerns the “substitutability” of
parenting? How do De Wispelaere and Weinstock describe this objection?
10. Explain the difference between subjective and objective conceptions of freedom of
11. Explain the claim that Maclure and Taylor make in favour of religious accommodation
that existing laws or norms are “indirectly discriminatory.”
12. A problem of “instrumentalization” occurs when freedom of religion is understood
subjectively. What is this problem, and how do Maclure and Taylor respond to it?
1 13. What is the conventional compromise for conflicts of conscience in medicine and why is
Wicclair dissatisfied with it?
14. What is cultural appropriation and what’s a clear example of it?
15. Identify two of the factors that Young says determine the moral permissibility of
offensive cultural appropriation, and apply them to the case of the Cleveland Indians.
16. Describe the relationship between cultural appropriation and cultural representation.
17. How, in the past, did the law and medicine respond to intersexuality, and what explains