Study Guides (247,928)
Canada (121,166)
Philosophy (375)
John Thorp (10)
Final

Philosophy Exam review part 2.docx

3 Pages
163 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Philosophy
Course
Philosophy 1020
Professor
John Thorp
Semester
Winter

Description
Philosophy Exam review part 2 Ethics, Political Philosophy & The Meaning of Life 1. How do moral relativism and moral absolutism differ? - Moral relativism is Ruth Benedict's idea that morals are relative to societies and cultures - Moral absolutism is the idea that there is an absolute moral code that every culture and society abides by - They differ metaphysically - To a oral relativists there are no moral facts 2. How do the ideas of 'selfishness' and 'self-interestedness' differ? - Egoism and altruism - James Rachel -Behaviour is made selfish or self-interested based on the object(goal) of our act - 3. What is the hedonic calculus, and how can it be applied to Philipa Foot's trolley problem? -Bethem -Hedonic calculus is a decision based on what will cause the most pleasure and least amount of pain -The trolley problem is the decision to switch the trains direction to kill the least amount of people -Kant would say it would be better for us not to act, rather than to act and murder - 4. What is the trichotomy of acts proposed by Kant? - Idea of deontology and how an act can be classified under three ideas -Morally required-> what we are required to do -Morall permissible -> what you can do (helping a neighbour) -Morally impermissible-> things you cannot do (lying, stealing) -Superagatory -> Going above and beyond the cal of duty -Hypothetical imperative: if you want to achieve some end, then you achieve some mean (If_Then_) -Categorical imperative: Universal law Formula for humanity -If you can will it for you, and at the same time everyone can do it, then it is morally permissible -Don't use people as a mere means to an end 5. What is virtue ethics? -Aristotle -The golden means: the middle of two vices of obesity and anorexia -Only intelligent, educated people can be virtuous -If you are not virtuous, you should pretend to be virtuous and eventually you will become virtuous out of habit -virtue is a path to happiness - What makes an action virtuous is not the action itself but the character behind the action 6. What does Virginia Held seek to achieve with her feminist ethics? - Two main goals -Get rid of presuppositions of traditional moral theories -Private vs the public, idea of the self, questioning prizing pure rationality -Involving emotion into ethics, you should feel emotionally towards people of kin -She says ethics shouldn't rely purely on reason, emotions are a key part of living a moral life -Men dominate the public sphere and women dominate the private sphere -There is no clear division between the private and public sphere
More Less

Related notes for Philosophy 1020

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit