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[Political Science 1020E] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 27 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Peter Fragiskatos
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Political Science 1020E
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Political science
15th September 2014
Inevitable for conflict to occur in society, that’s why we need Politics
Solving conflict with cooperation, what Governments need to do (often do)
LAW.
Governments = can act as a neutral contending referee between both sides
Decisions made my governments, which address conflicts made so that they
don’t keep happening. Have potential to benefit all individuals, have large impact
- Preventing and punishing
- Robbery
Other than law, decisions on how:
- To spend money
- To use healthcare
! POLITICS AS A STUDY OF POWER
- Governments need power to implement law etc. e.g. Pay taxes
Politics: who has power, how that power is used and for whose benefit, and what
are the consequences
Power is a deliberate attempt to get someone to do something
that they wouldn’t otherwise do.
*HOW? – Punishment, persuasion etc.
 Can also understand the workplace if we view politics as a study of power
[main arguments: time  non-material resources]
 Controlling the behaviour of others … AUTHORITY (boss)
 Household: husband control behaviour of woman (?) force? [Subservient
position of woman = traditional case]
Power is also about the ability of making things look NATURAL
- Picking up opinions … childhood – television/film/media
- Responsible for shaping opinions e.g. Perception of Arabs
RESOURCES
- Material resources needed to live (land, forests, oceans, fish …
- Non-material recourses [experience] (formal education, time, knowledge
- Recourses almost always scarce (limited)
- Shared or kept for a few?  Conflict is the natural resort due to scarcity
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HOWEVER:
Without hierarchy and chain of command, there is no structure to a workplace
and it cannot successfully function
BACKGROUND
POLITICS started as a branch of philosophy
- Main focus was fundamentally concerned with normative questions (what
should? What ought to be?  Striving for something)
- E.g.
What is a good law?
Why should I follow the government?
Should there be limits to freedom?
 Prompting a debate, questions that lead to a discussion
Empiricism: experience is the basis of knowledge derived from the senses
- Observation and experimentation … the TRUTH could be known by
analysis
- Locke and Hume*
- The “enlightenment”  intellect, ability to reason
- In any analysis, you should only be concerned with the facts, should not
factor in opinions in your justification or you cannot reach the truth
because of numerous views
- No judgments, no bias, no opinion
POLITICAL SCIENCE (1870’s)
Science of politics
- Research of why, who, what,
- Why people did what they did (voting decisions by surveys etc.)
- PROBLEMS: people don’t always reveal the truth, what they think as
human beings cannot be studied the same as ‘tadpoles in a lab’
- Cannot carry out studies on human behaviour (difficult to understand
people and their minds at their most fundamental level)
Human beings are a product of their experiences
- Upbringing
- Economic class
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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