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Study Guide

[Political Science 1020E] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (31 pages long!)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Professor
Charles Jones
Study Guide
Final

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Western
Political Science 1020E
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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The Decline Of Violence Note, September 13 2016
Steven Pinker’s Thesis?
Evidence: Is it true?
Explanation: Why?
Read page 6-17 in Wolff, introduction to PP
Nigel Warburton, Free speech, p. 1-41 (Tutorial, Monday Sept 19)
POLITICS MATTER
Decisions that affect you
Laws assign rights and duties
Haiti and the Dominican Republic
Different environmental conditions
Consequence of political decisions
Politics matters… But, what is it?
Some meanings of politics:
Formal government activity, dishonestly seeking personal gain, noble pursuit of the public good
"Who gets what, when and how?"
Primates
A biological order that includes humans, apes and monkeys
Who is the cruelest primates? Humans, we are the cruelest.
Chimpanzee politics:
Competition, power, conflict
Dominance, strategies and alliances
Winners and losers
Bonobo politics:
Peaceful, gentle, loving, erotic and egalitarian (Always having sex)
Aristotle's two questions:
1. Who rules?
One, few, many
2. In whose interests?
a. In the rulers interests
b. In the interests of the governed
Aristotle's forms of government:
Tyranny (bad)/monarchy(ruled by one person in interests of every
Oligarchy(rich people ruling in their own interest)/Aristocracy (Rule by the best)
Democracy(Rule by many in the people's interests)/polity (Rule by many in own interests)
Politics: Some Examples (political Phenomes)
Elections
Demonstrations
Policy Decisions
Law making
Elements of politics
Social
Process
Conflict
Binding decisions
Enforced
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Between love and war
Pure conflict = war
Pure cooperation = true love
Politics = conflict and cooperation
Where is politics?
Family, economy, state
International? Everywhere?
Aspects of Politics
Collective Action
Conflict and cooperation
Authorized deicions
Enforced against the disobedient
What is government?
The activity of governing or ruling over people, 'the activity of ruling'
The government - an arrangement in which some people excersize authority over others
Institutions responsible for coordinating collective decisions
What is the State?
Territorial Community
Centralized Governing Authority
What is power?
The ability to produce results
Influencing Other's behaviour
Power can take several forms
o Coercion
o Suicide Terrorism
o Influence (Without the threat of violence)
Hard Power
The stick
o Force and coercion
o Military and police
The Carrot
o Economic inducement
o Bribes and Sanctions
Soft Power
Attraction
Agenda Setting
Getting others to want what you want them to want
Institutions, values, policies
Think of the world as a three level chess match:
1. Military
2. Economic
3. Key transnational issue
What is authority?
The right command (legitimate power)
Right to punish those who disobey (Right to kill someone)
Next time: The state of nature; what would life be like without state?
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